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Impact of Floor Area Ratio (FAR) on energy consumption at meso scale in China: case study of Ningbo

Dawodu, Ayotunde; Cheshmehzangi, Ali

Authors

Ayotunde Dawodu

Ali Cheshmehzangi



Abstract

In any urban planning and design project, Floor Area Ratio (FAR) of the site is a debatable factor across various stakeholders. China’s increase of FAR for residential areas is one of the most remarkable cases of change of FAR in recent decades. China’s urban residential projects have shifted away from low storey single-standing residential units to mid-storey mass housing projects and towards contemporary high-rise residential compounds. The changes in FAR are often very significant and is multiplied over the past few decades. In this study, FAR calculation of a meso-scale residential project located in the City of Ningbo (immediate inner city area) is put in place to shape the argument of renewable energy production and pathways towards energy use reductions. This study first elaborates on energy and policy implications of FAR. The study will then explore one example of a residential compound, based on four models of FAR (at 1, 2.5, 3 and 4). A comparison study is conducted using Eco-Tect software. All four models are analysed using their differences in heights and density. While FAR 1 is not suitable for the context of China (i.e. very low), FAR 3 and 4 are also considered to be high for energy-use reductions but are current practices. This paper argues these scenarios and concludes with impacts of FAR for energy production and reduction at meso scale.

Citation

Dawodu, A., & Cheshmehzangi, A. (in press). Impact of Floor Area Ratio (FAR) on energy consumption at meso scale in China: case study of Ningbo. Energy Procedia, 105, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.789

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 1, 2016
Online Publication Date Jun 1, 2017
Deposit Date Feb 12, 2018
Publicly Available Date Feb 12, 2018
Journal Energy Procedia
Print ISSN 1876-6102
Electronic ISSN 1876-6102
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 105
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.789
Keywords Floor Area Ration (FAR); China; Residential Units; Energy; Solar
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49608
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876610217308573?via%3Dihub
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0



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