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The LOFAR window on star-forming galaxies and AGNs – curved radio SEDs and IR–radio correlation at 0

Calistro Rivera, G.; Williams, W. L.; Duncan, K.; Hardcastle, M. J.; Rottgering, H.J.A.; Best, P. N.; Brüggen, M.; Conselice, Christopher J.; Chyży, K. T.; de Gasperin, F.; Engels, D.; Gürkan, G.; Intema, H. T.; Jarvis, M. J.; Mahony, E. K.; Miley, G. K.; Morabito, L. K.; Prandoni, I.; Sabater, J.; Smith, D. J. B.; Tasse, C.; van der Werf, P. P.; White, G. J.

Authors

G. Calistro Rivera

W. L. Williams

K. Duncan

M. J. Hardcastle

H.J.A. Rottgering

P. N. Best

M. Brüggen

Christopher J. Conselice

K. T. Chyży

F. de Gasperin

D. Engels

G. Gürkan

H. T. Intema

M. J. Jarvis

E. K. Mahony

G. K. Miley

L. K. Morabito

I. Prandoni

J. Sabater

D. J. B. Smith

C. Tasse

P. P. van der Werf

G. J. White



Abstract

We present a study of the low-frequency radio properties of star-forming (SF) galaxies and active galactic nuclei (AGNs) up to redshift z = 2.5. The new spectral window probed by the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) allows us to reconstruct the radio continuum emission from 150 MHz to 1.4 GHz to an unprecedented depth for a radio-selected sample of 1542 galaxies in ∼ 7 deg2 of the LOFAR Boötes field. Using the extensive multiwavelength data set available in Boötes and detailed modelling of the far-infrared to ultraviolet spectral energy distribution (SED), we are able to separate the star formation (N = 758) and the AGN (N = 784) dominated populations. We study the shape of the radio SEDs and their evolution across cosmic time and find significant differences in the spectral curvature between the SF galaxy and AGN populations. While the radio spectra of SF galaxies exhibit a weak but statistically significant flattening, AGN SEDs show a clear trend to become steeper towards lower frequencies. No evolution of the spectral curvature as a function of redshift is found for SF galaxies or AGNs. We investigate the redshift evolution of the infrared–radio correlation for SF galaxies and find that the ratio of total infrared to 1.4-GHz radio luminosities decreases with increasing redshift: q1.4 GHz = (2.45 ± 0.04) (1 + z)−0.15 ± 0.03. Similarly, q150 MHz shows a redshift evolution following q150 GHz = (1.72 ± 0.04) (1 + z)−0.22 ± 0.05. Calibration of the 150 MHz radio luminosity as a star formation rate tracer suggests that a single power-law extrapolation from q1.4 GHz is not an accurate approximation at all redshifts.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 11, 2017
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 469
Issue 3
Pages 3468-3488
APA6 Citation Conselice, C. J., Röttgering, H. J. A., Calistro Rivera, G., Williams, W. L., Hardcastle, M. J., Duncan, K., …White, G. J. (2017). The LOFAR window on star-forming galaxies and AGNs – curved radio SEDs and IR–radio correlation at 0. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 469(3), 3468-3488. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx1040
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx1040
Keywords galaxies: evolution, galaxies: nuclei, galaxies: photometry, galaxies: starburst, infrared: galaxies, radio continuum: galaxies
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/469/3/3468/3786433/The-LOFAR-window-on-star-forming-galaxies-and-AGNs
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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