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Untangling galaxy components: full spectral bulge–disc decomposition

Tabor, Martha; Merrifield, Michael; Aragón-Salamanca, Alfonso; Cappellari, Michele; Bamford, Steven P.; Johnston, Evelyn

Authors

Martha Tabor

Michael Merrifield

Alfonso Aragón-Salamanca

Michele Cappellari

Steven P. Bamford

Evelyn Johnston



Abstract

To ascertain whether photometric decompositions of galaxies into bulges and discs are astrophysically meaningful, we have developed a new technique to decompose spectral data cubes into separate bulge and disc components, subject only to the constraint that they reproduce the conventional photometric decomposition. These decompositions allow us to study the kinematic and stellar population properties of the individual components and how they vary with position, in order to assess their plausibility as discrete elements, and to start to reconstruct their distinct formation histories. An initial application of this method to Calar Alto Integral Field Area integral field unit observations of three isolated S0 galaxies confirms that in regions where both bulge and disc contribute significantly to the flux, they can be physically and robustly decomposed into a rotating dispersion-dominated bulge component and a rotating low-dispersion disc component. Analysis of the resulting stellar populations shows that the bulges of these galaxies have a range of ages relative to their discs, indicating that a variety of processes are necessary to describe their evolution. This simple test case indicates the broad potential for extracting from spectral data cubes the full spectral data of a wide variety of individual galaxy components, and for using such decompositions to understand the interplay between these various structures, and hence how such systems formed.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 30, 2017
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 466
Issue 2
APA6 Citation Tabor, M., Merrifield, M., Aragón-Salamanca, A., Cappellari, M., Bamford, S. P., & Johnston, E. (2017). Untangling galaxy components: full spectral bulge–disc decomposition. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 466(2), doi:10.1093/mnras/stw3183
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw3183
Keywords galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD– galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/466/2/2024/2666375/Untangling-galaxy-components-full-spectral-bulge
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2016 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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