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PPP1R15A-mediated dephosphorylation of eIF2α is unaffected by Sephin1 or Guanabenz

Crespillo-Casado, Ana; Chambers, Joseph E.; Fischer, Peter M.; Marciniak, Stefan J.; Ron, David

Authors

Ana Crespillo-Casado

Joseph E. Chambers

Peter M. Fischer

Stefan J. Marciniak

David Ron



Contributors

Vivek Malhotra
Editor

Abstract

Dephosphorylation of translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2α) terminates signalling in the mammalian integrated stress response (ISR) and has emerged as a promising target for modifying the course of protein misfolding diseases. The [(o-chlorobenzylidene)amino]guanidines (Guanabenz and Sephin1) have been proposed to exert protective effects against misfolding by interfering with eIF2α-P dephosphorylation through selective disruption of a PP1-PPP1R15A holophosphatase complex. Surprisingly, they proved inert in vitro affecting neither stability of the PP1-PPP1R15A complex nor substrate-specific dephosphorylation. Furthermore, eIF2α-P dephosphorylation, assessed by a kinase shut-off experiment, progressed normally in Sephin1-treated cells. Consistent with its role in defending proteostasis, Sephin1 attenuated the IRE1 branch of the endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response. However, repression was noted in both wildtype and Ppp1r15a deleted cells and in cells rendered ISR-deficient by CRISPR editing of the Eif2s1 locus to encode a non-phosphorylatable eIF2α (eIF2αS51A). These findings challenge the view that [(o-chlorobenzylidene)amino]guanidines restore proteostasis by interfering with eIF2α-P dephosphorylation.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 27, 2017
Journal eLife
Electronic ISSN 2050-084X
Publisher eLife Sciences Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Article Number e26109
APA6 Citation Crespillo-Casado, A., Chambers, J. E., Fischer, P. M., Marciniak, S. J., & Ron, D. (2017). PPP1R15A-mediated dephosphorylation of eIF2α is unaffected by Sephin1 or Guanabenz. eLife, 6, https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.26109
DOI https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.26109
Keywords Cricetulus griseus, Protein synthesis, Phosphorylation, Chemical biology, Drug action
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.26109
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Additional Information Unmapped bibliographic data:
C1 - eLife 2017;6:e26109 [Field not mapped to EPrints]

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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