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Hydrodynamics of the VanA-type VanS histidine kinase: an extended solution conformation and first evidence for interactions with vancomycin

Phillips-Jones, Mary K.; Channell, Guy Andrew; Kelsall, Claire J.; Hughes, Charlotte S.; Ashcroft, Alison E.; Patching, Simon G.; Dinu, Vlad; Gillis, Richard B.; Adams, Gary G.; Harding, Stephen E.

Authors

Dr MARY PHILLIPS-JONES Mary.Phillips-Jones@nottingham.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Polymer & Microbial Biophysics

Guy Andrew Channell

Claire J. Kelsall

Charlotte S. Hughes

Alison E. Ashcroft

Simon G. Patching

Vlad Dinu

Richard B. Gillis

Gary G. Adams

Stephen E. Harding



Abstract

VanA-type resistance to glycopeptide antibiotics in clinical enterococci is regulated by the VanSARA two-component signal transduction system. The nature of the molecular ligand that is recognised by the VanSA sensory component has not hitherto been identified. Here we employ purified, intact and active VanSA membrane protein (henceforth referred to as VanS) in analytical ultracentrifugation experiments to study VanS oligomeric state and conformation in the absence and presence of vancomycin. A combination of sedimentation velocity and sedimentation equilibrium in the analytical ultracentrifuge (SEDFIT, SEDFIT-MSTAR and MULTISIG analysis) showed that VanS in the absence of the ligand is almost entirely monomeric (molar mass M = 45.7 kDa) in dilute aqueous solution with a trace amount of high molar mass material (M ~ 200 kDa). The sedimentation coefficient s suggests the monomer adopts an extended conformation in aqueous solution with an equivalent aspect ratio of ~(12 ± 2). In the presence of vancomycin over a 33% increase in the sedimentation coefficient is observed with the appearance of additional higher s components, demonstrating an interaction, an observation consistent with our circular dichroism measurements. The two possible causes of this increase in s – either a ligand induced dimerization and/or compaction of the monomer are considered.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2017-12
Journal Scientific Reports
Print ISSN 2045-2322
Electronic ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 1
Article Number 46180
Pages 1-12
APA6 Citation Phillips-Jones, M. K., Channell, G. A., Kelsall, C. J., Hughes, C. S., Ashcroft, A. E., Patching, S. G., …Harding, S. E. (2017). Hydrodynamics of the VanA-type VanS histidine kinase: an extended solution conformation and first evidence for interactions with vancomycin. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep46180
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/srep46180
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1038/srep46180
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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