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Metal–organic frameworks in seconds via selective microwave heating

Laybourn, Andrea; Katrib, Juliano; Ferrari-John, Rebecca S.; Morris, Christopher G.; Yang, Sihai; Udoudo, Ofonime; Easun, Timothy L.; Dodds, Chris; Champness, Neil R.; Kingman, Samuel W.; Schröder, Martin


Andrea Laybourn

Juliano Katrib

Rebecca S. Ferrari-John

Christopher G. Morris

Sihai Yang

Ofonime Udoudo

Timothy L. Easun

Chris Dodds

Neil R. Champness

Samuel W. Kingman

Martin Schröder


Synthesis of metal–organic framework (MOF) materials via microwave heating often involves shorter reaction times and offers enhanced control of particle size compared to conventional heating. However, there is little understanding of the interactions between electromagnetic waves and MOFs, their reactants, and intermediates, all of which are required for successful scale-up to enable production of commercially viable quantities of material. By examining the effect of average absorbed power with a constant total absorbed energy to prepare MIL-53(Al) we have defined a selective heating mechanism that affords control over MOF particle size range and morphology by altering the microwave power. This is the first time a selective mechanism has been established for the preparation of MOFs via microwave heating. This approach has been applied to the very rapid preparation of MIL-53(Al)ta (62 mg in 4.3 seconds) which represents the fastest reported synthesis of a MOF on this scale to date.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 5, 2017
Journal Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Print ISSN 2050-7488
Electronic ISSN 2050-7496
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Pages 7333-7338
APA6 Citation Laybourn, A., Katrib, J., Ferrari-John, R. S., Morris, C. G., Yang, S., Udoudo, O., …Schröder, M. (2017). Metal–organic frameworks in seconds via selective microwave heating. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 5, 7333-7338.
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Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address:
Additional Information : This document is Similarity Check deposited; : Supplementary Information; : Rebecca S. Ferrari-John (ORCID); : Rebecca S. Ferrari-John (ResearcherID); : Timothy L. Easun (ORCID); : Timothy L. Easun (ResearcherID); : Neil R. Champness (ORCID); : Neil R. Champness (ResearcherID); : Martin Schröder (ORCID); : The Royal Society of Chemistry has an exclusive publication licence for this journal; OPEN ACCESS: This article is freely available. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence (CC BY 3.0); : Single-blind; : Received 17 February 2017; Accepted 6 March 2017; Advance Article published 5 April 2017; Version of Record published 18 April 2017


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Copyright Statement
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