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Human pose estimation via convolutional part heatmap regression

Bulat, Adrian; Tzimiropoulos, Georgios


Adrian Bulat

Georgios Tzimiropoulos


This paper is on human pose estimation using Convolutional Neural Networks. Our main contribution is a CNN cascaded architecture specifically designed for learning part relationships and spatial context, and robustly inferring pose even for the case of severe part occlusions. To this end, we propose a detection-followed-by-regression CNN cascade. The first part of our cascade outputs part detection heatmaps and the second part performs regression on these heatmaps. The benefits of the proposed architecture are multi-fold: It guides the network where to focus in the image and effectively encodes part constraints and context. More importantly, it can effectively cope with occlusions because part detection heatmaps for occluded parts provide low confidence scores which subsequently guide the regression part of our net-work to rely on contextual information in order to predict the location of these parts. Additionally, we show that the proposed cascade is flexible enough to readily allow the integration of various CNN architectures for both detection and regression, including recent ones based on residual learning. Finally, we illustrate that our cascade achieves top performance on the MPII and LSP data sets. Code can be downloaded from


Bulat, A., & Tzimiropoulos, G. (2016). Human pose estimation via convolutional part heatmap regression. In Computer Vision – ECCV 2016. , (717-732).

Conference Name 14th European Conference on Computer Vision (EECV 2016)
Conference Location Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Start Date Oct 11, 2016
End Date Oct 14, 2016
Acceptance Date Jul 11, 2016
Online Publication Date Sep 16, 2016
Publication Date Oct 7, 2016
Deposit Date Sep 9, 2016
Publicly Available Date Sep 16, 2016
Publisher Springer
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9911
Pages 717-732
Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Series ISSN 1611-3349
Book Title Computer Vision – ECCV 2016
ISBN 978-3-319-46477-0
Keywords Human pose estimation, Part heatmap regression, Convolutional Neural Networks
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Additional Information The final publication is available at

Workshops/short Courses were held October 8-10 and 15-16, 2016


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