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Subdecadal-scale vegetation responses to a previously unknown late-Allerød climate fluctuation and Younger Dryas cooling at Lake Meerfelder Maar (Germany)

Engels, Stefan; Brauer, Achim; Buddelmeijer, Nico; Martín-Puertas, Celia; Rach, Oliver; Sachse, Dirk; van Geel, Bas

Authors

Stefan Engels

Achim Brauer

Nico Buddelmeijer

Celia Martín-Puertas

Oliver Rach

Dirk Sachse

Bas van Geel



Abstract

Lake Meerfelder Maar (MFM) is the northernmost W European sediment record with annual laminations across the Younger Dryas (YD), and the onset of the YD in the record of MFM has previously been defined as an increase in non-arboreal pollen abundance at ca 12,680 varve a BP. Here we present a palynological record at unprecedented subdecadal-resolution for MFM, covering the Allerød-YD transition. Our results show a fluctuation in pollen accumulation rates(PAR) prior to the onset of the YD, with lower PAR between ca 12,725 and 12,685 varve a BP. The fluctuation in PAR occurs simultaneous with a previously undescribed short fluctuation in sediment composition and varve thickness, as well as with changes in biogeochemical proxies. The combined evidence indicates signs of climatic instability ca. 45 years before the onset of the YD. The PAR records of Betula and Pinus furthermore show earlier and more abrupt changes at the onset of the YD than the percentage-records do. Finally, heliophilous herbaceous taxa show a delayed increase following the onset of the YD of ca. 145 years. This paper illustrates the potential to identify previously unrecognised climate variability and vegetation change when using subdecadal resolution analyses.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 27, 2016
Journal Journal of Quaternary Science
Print ISSN 0267-8179
Electronic ISSN 1099-1417
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 7
APA6 Citation Engels, S., Brauer, A., Buddelmeijer, N., Martín-Puertas, C., Rach, O., Sachse, D., & van Geel, B. (2016). Subdecadal-scale vegetation responses to a previously unknown late-Allerød climate fluctuation and Younger Dryas cooling at Lake Meerfelder Maar (Germany). Journal of Quaternary Science, 31(7), https://doi.org/10.1002/jqs.2900
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/jqs.2900
Keywords Late-glacial; pollen accumulation rates; vegetation change; climate instability; Meerfelder Maar
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jqs.2900/full
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Engels, S., Brauer, A., Buddelmeijer, N., Martín-Puertas, C., Rach, O., Sachse, D. and van Geel, B. (2016), Subdecadal-scale vegetation responses to a previously unknown late-Allerød climate fluctuation and Younger Dryas cooling at Lake Meerfelder Maar (Germany). J. Quaternary Sci., 31: 741–752, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.2900. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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