Philip L.R. Gaskin firstname.lastname@example.org
Down-regulation of hippocampal genes regulating dopaminergic, GABAergic and glutamatergic function following combined neonatal phencyclidine and post-weaning social isolation of rats as a neurodevelopmental model for schizophrenia
Gaskin, Philip L.R.; Toledo-Rodriguez, Maria; Alexander, Stephen P.H.; Fone, Kevin C.F.
Maria Toledo-Rodriguez Maria.Toledo@nottingham.ac.uk
Stephen P.H. Alexander Steve.Alexander@nottingham.ac.uk
Kevin C.F. Fone email@example.com
Background: Dysfunction of dopaminergic, GABAergic and glutamatergic function underlies many core symptoms of schizophrenia. Combined neonatal injection of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, phencyclidine (PCP) and post-weaning social isolation of rats produces a behavioral syndrome with translational relevance to several core symptoms of schizophrenia. This study uses DNA microarray to characterise alterations in hippocampal neurotransmitter-related gene expression and examines the ability of the sodium channel blocker, lamotrigine, to reverse behavioral changes in this model.
Methods: Fifty-four male Lister-hooded rat pups either received phencyclidine (PCP, 10 mg/kg, s.c.), on post-natal day (PND) 7, 9 and 11 before being weaned on PND 23 into separate cages (isolation, PCP-SI, n=31), or vehicle injection and group-housing (2-4 per cage, V-GH, n=23) from weaning. The effect of lamotrigine on locomotor activity, novel object recognition, and prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle was examined (PND60-75) and drug-free hippocampal gene expression on PND70.
Results: Acute lamotrigine (10-15mg/kg i.p.) reversed the hyperactivity and novel object recognition impairment induced by PCP-SI but had no effect on the prepulse inhibition deficit. Microarray revealed small but significant down-regulation of hippocampal genes involved in glutamate metabolism, dopamine neurotransmission and GABA receptor signalling, and in specific schizophrenia-linked genes, including PVALB and GAD67, in PCP-SI rats which resemble changes reported in schizophrenia.
Conclusions: Findings indicate that alterations in dopamine neurotransmission, glutamate metabolism and GABA signalling may contribute to some of the behavioral deficits observed following PCP-SI, and that lamotrigine may have some utility as an adjunctive therapy to improve certain cognitive deficits symptoms in schizophrenia.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Journal||International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press (OUP)|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Gaskin, P. L., Toledo-Rodriguez, M., Alexander, S. P., & Fone, K. C. (in press). Down-regulation of hippocampal genes regulating dopaminergic, GABAergic and glutamatergic function following combined neonatal phencyclidine and post-weaning social isolation of rats as a neurodevelopmental model for schizophrenia. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, doi:10.1093/ijnp/pyw062|
|Keywords||Isolation Rearing, Lamotrigine, Microarray, Phencyclidine, Schizophrenia, Glutamate|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0|
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
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