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Quantification of Aluminum-Induced Changes in Wheat Root Architecture by X-ray Microcomputed Tomography

Lazarevi?, Boris; Sturrock, Craig; Poljak, Milan; Mooney, Sacha J.

Quantification of Aluminum-Induced Changes in Wheat Root Architecture by X-ray Microcomputed Tomography Thumbnail


Authors

Boris Lazarevi?

Milan Poljak

SACHA MOONEY sacha.mooney@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Soil Physics



Abstract

Root architectural traits are of fundamental importance for plant performance, especially under unfavorable soil conditions. This study examined the effect of aluminum (Al) toxicity in different growing media (nutrient solutions and soil) on root architecture of two wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars with different Al tolerances. Seedlings were grown in acidic and limed soil and in two contrasting nutrient solutions. Root systems of soil-grown plants were scanned using x-ray microcomputed tomography (µCT) while that of nutrient solution–grown plants were assesses using WinRhizo, 3 and 5 days after planting (DAP), respectively. Aluminum caused significant reduction of all examined root traits (number of seminal roots, root length, length of the longest seminal root, root surface area, and root volume). Growth in acidic soil caused significant reduction in root length, length of the longest seminal root, and root surface area at 5 DAP. Soil-grown plants produced a larger root system compared to plants grown in nutrient solutions. Aluminum toxicity–induced differences of root traits were also found between different nutrient solutions. Beside the well-known reduction of root length, Al toxicity had a profound effect on other root architectural traits. X-ray µCT has revealed root architectural changes under specific conditions of acidic, Al-toxic soil. Differences obtained in Al-induced effects on root architecture between different nutrient solutions as well as between different growing systems emphasize the need for further study of root architecture, especially under specific conditions of Al toxicity in acidic soils.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 10, 2015
Online Publication Date Jan 21, 2016
Deposit Date Mar 9, 2017
Publicly Available Date Mar 9, 2017
Journal Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis
Print ISSN 0010-3624
Electronic ISSN 1532-2416
Publisher Taylor & Francis Open
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 47
Issue 2
Pages 263-274
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2015.1122800
Keywords Aluminum toxicity, aluminum, plant nutrition, rhizosphere, root system architecture, Triticum aestivum L., x-ray microcomputed tomography
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/772046
Publisher URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00103624.2015.1122800
Additional Information Peer Review Statement: The publishing and review policy for this title is described in its Aims & Scope.; Aim & Scope: http://www.tandfonline.com/action/journalInformation?show=aimsScope&journalCode=lcss20

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