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Journeying through Dementia, a community-based self-management intervention for people aged 65 years and over: a feasibility study to inform a future trial

Sprange, Kirsty; Mountain, Gail; Shortland, Katy; Craig, Claire; Blackburn, Daniel J.; Bowie, Peter; Harkness, Kirsty; Spencer, Maggie

Authors

Gail Mountain

Katy Shortland

Claire Craig

Daniel J. Blackburn

Peter Bowie

Kirsty Harkness

Maggie Spencer



Abstract

Background


A study to determine the feasibility of conducting a future population-based trial into a self-management intervention for community-living adults with early stage dementia included evaluation of intervention content and modes of delivery, staffing requirements, recruitment methods and the utility and usability of patient reported outcomes.

Methods


Participants identified through memory clinics in one city took part in an intervention called ‘Journeying through Dementia’. The 12-week programme incorporating four individual sessions with one of the facilitators encourages participants to engage in discussion and activities related to health and well-being positioning them as the expert enabling long-term behavioural change. Participants (n = 10) and their nominated carers (n = 7) were all asked to complete selected outcomes at baseline, 8 weeks (participants only) and post intervention and invited to comment on their usability. All participants and carers were qualitatively interviewed before intervention delivery about their expectations and participants; nominated carers and facilitators were all interviewed after cessation about their experiences.

Results


The manualised intervention and modes of delivery proved acceptable to participants and carers. Reported benefits included increased confidence and self-efficacy, engagement in new or lapsed activities and re-engagement in fun and friendships. People with dementia and carers were able to self-complete all outcome measures, but time required to complete the measures is a key factor. Strategies for recruitment need to include direct contact within 24–48 h post invitation to the study. Analysis of data on the primary outcome did not reveal any trends. Facilitators found the training and support to be appropriate and helpful.

Conclusions


The tailored intervention reportedly met the needs of all participants. The study confirmed the need for careful identification and application of patient-reported outcome measures. Outcomes to measure some dimensions of reported benefit are not available.

Trial registration
Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN67209155.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 30, 2015
Journal Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Electronic ISSN 2055-5784
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 1
Article Number 42
APA6 Citation Sprange, K., Mountain, G., Shortland, K., Craig, C., Blackburn, D. J., Bowie, P., …Spencer, M. (2015). Journeying through Dementia, a community-based self-management intervention for people aged 65 years and over: a feasibility study to inform a future trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 1, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-015-0039-6
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-015-0039-6
Keywords Dementia; Self-management; Quality of life; Community; Manualised intervention
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-015-0039-6
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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