Kennedy Obebi Cliff-Eribo
Adverse drug reactions in Ghanaian children: review of reports from 2000 to 2012 in VigiBase
Cliff-Eribo, Kennedy Obebi; Choonara, Imti; Dodoo, Alex; Darko, Delese M.; Sammons, Helen
Delese M. Darko
Objective: The aim of this article is to describe adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reported for children aged 0 - 17 years in Ghana.
Methods: Paediatric reports submitted by the Ghana National Centre for Pharmacovigilance to the World Health Organisation (WHO) Global ADR database, VigiBase up to December 2012 were extracted. The data were analysed for number of reports per year, types of reporters and suspected ADRs and drugs.
Results: A total of 343 reports for children were received during the period. The drug classes most frequently reported were vaccines (115, 31%), antimalarials (106, 28%) and antibiotics (57, 15%). Of the top 20 individual drugs, 19 were anti-infectives. The most frequently reported ADRs were injection site infection, fever and rash. There were 23 deaths reported, and antimalarials were implicated in 12 cases.
Conclusions: Vaccines, antimalarials and antibiotics are the leading medicines reported to cause ADRs in Ghanaian children. There was a high mortality rate, with many of the deaths due to causes explained in the individual case safety reports.
Cliff-Eribo, K. O., Choonara, I., Dodoo, A., Darko, D. M., & Sammons, H. (2015). Adverse drug reactions in Ghanaian children: review of reports from 2000 to 2012 in VigiBase. Expert Opinion on Drug Safety, doi:10.1517/14740338.2015.1096927
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Oct 5, 2015|
|Deposit Date||Dec 11, 2015|
|Publicly Available Date||Dec 11, 2015|
|Journal||Expert Opinion on Drug Safety|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||adverse drug reactions, spontaneous reporting system, pharmacovigilance, drug safety, children|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf|
ADRs in Ghanaian Children - Review of Reports 2000 to 2012 in VigiBase (Expert Opinion) Aug2015.pdf
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf