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Mechanical vibrations of pendant liquid droplets

Temperton, Robert H.; Smith, Michael I.; Sharp, James S.

Authors

Robert H. Temperton



Abstract

A simple optical deflection technique was used to monitor the vibrations of microlitre pendant droplets of deuterium oxide, formamide, and 1,1,2,2-tetrabromoethane. Droplets of different volumes of each liquid were suspended from the end of a microlitre pipette and vibrated using a small puff of nitrogen gas. A laser was passed through the droplets and the scattered light was collected using a photodiode. Vibration of the droplets resulted in the motion of the scattered beam and time-dependent intensity variations were recorded using the photodiode. These time- dependent variations were Fourier transformed and the frequencies and widths of the mechanical droplet resonances were extracted. A simple model of vibrations in pendant/sessile drops was used to relate these parameters to the surface tension, density and viscosity of the liquid droplets. The surface tension values obtained from this method were found to be in good agreement with results obtained using the standard pendant drop technique. Damping of capillary waves on pendant drops was shown to be similar to that observed for deep liquid baths and the kinematic viscosities obtained were in agreement with literature values for all three liquids studied.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jul 17, 2015
Journal European Physical Journal E
Print ISSN 1292-8941
Electronic ISSN 1292-895X
Publisher EDP Open
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 38
Article Number 79
APA6 Citation Temperton, R. H., Smith, M. I., & Sharp, J. S. (2015). Mechanical vibrations of pendant liquid droplets. European Physical Journal E, 38, https://doi.org/10.1140/epje/i2015-15079-2
DOI https://doi.org/10.1140/epje/i2015-15079-2
Publisher URL http://link.springer.com/article/10.1140%2Fepje%2Fi2015-15079-2
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0





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