The paper reports on the coupling of Parity-Time (PT)-symmetric whispering gallery resonators with realistic material and gain/loss models. Response of the PT system is analyzed for the case of low and high material and gain dispersion, and also for two practical scenarios when the pump frequency is not aligned with the resonant frequency of the desired whispering gallery mode and when there is imbalance in the gain/loss profile. The results show that the presence of dispersion and frequency misalignment causes skewness in frequency bifurcation and significant reduction of the PT breaking point, respectively. Finally, we demonstrate a lasing mode operation which occurs due to an early PT-breaking by increasing loss in a PT system with unbalanced gain and loss.
Phang, S., Vukovic, A., Creagh, S. C., Benson, T. M., Sewell, P. D., & Gradoni, G. (2015). Parity-time symmetric coupled microresonators with a dispersive gain/loss. Optics Express, 23(9), 11493-11507. https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.23.011493