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Performance of polyethyleneimine–silica adsorbent for post-combustion CO2 capture in a bubbling fluidized bed

Zhang, Wenbin; Liu, Hao; Sun, Chenggong; Drage, Trevor C.; Snape, Colin E.

Authors

Wenbin Zhang

HAO LIU liu.hao@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Energy Engineering

Trevor C. Drage

COLIN SNAPE COLIN.SNAPE@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Chemical Technology & Chemical Eng



Abstract

The high performance of polyethyleneimine (PEI)-based solid adsorbent for CO2 capture has been well recognized in thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and small-scale fixed bed reactors through the measurements of their equilibrium capacities but has not been really demonstrated on larger scales towards practical utilization. In the present study, a laboratory-scale bubbling fluidized bed reactor loaded with a few kg adsorbent is used to evaluate the adsorption performance of PEI–silica adsorbent under different working conditions including with/without the presence of moisture, different gas–solid contact times, initial bed temperatures, and CO2 partial pressures. The adsorption capacities have shown a clear degradation tendency under dry condition. However, they can be stabilized at a high level of 10.6–11.1% w/w over 60 cycles if moisture (ca. 8.8 vol%) is present in the gas flow during adsorption and desorption. Breakthrough capacities can be stabilized at the level of 7.6–8.2% w/w with the gas–solid contact time of 13 s. The adsorption capacities for the simulated flue gases containing 5% CO2 are only slightly lower than those for the simulated flue gases containing 15% CO2, indicating that the PEI–silica adsorbent is suitable for CO2 capture from flue gases of both coal-fired and natural gas-fired combined cycle power plants. The exothermal heat of adsorption is estimated by the energy balance in the fluidized bed reactor and found to be close (within 10%) to the measured value by TG-DSC. The regeneration heat for the as prepared PEI–silica adsorbent is found to be 2360 kJ/kgCO2 assuming 75% recovery of sensible heat which is well below the values of 3900–4500 kJ/kgCO2 for a typical MEA scrubbing process with 90% recovery of sensible heat.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 1, 2014
Journal Chemical Engineering Journal
Print ISSN 1385-8947
Electronic ISSN 1385-8947
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 251
Pages 293-303
APA6 Citation Zhang, W., Liu, H., Sun, C., Drage, T. C., & Snape, C. E. (2014). Performance of polyethyleneimine–silica adsorbent for post-combustion CO2 capture in a bubbling fluidized bed. Chemical Engineering Journal, 251, 293-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.04.063
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.04.063
Keywords Carbon capture, PEI, Solid adsorbent, Bubbling fluidized bed
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1385894714004951
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Performance of polyethyleneimine–silica adsorbent for post-combustion CO2 capture in a bubbling fluidized bed; Journal Title: Chemical Engineering Journal; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.04.063; Content Type: article; Copyright: Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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