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Assessing the safety features of electronic patient medication record systems used in community pharmacies in England

Ojeleye, Oluwagbemileke; Avery, Anthony J.; Boyd, Matthew J.

Authors

Oluwagbemileke Ojeleye



Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the ability of electronic patient medication record (ePMR) systems used in community pharmacies in England to detect and alert users about clinical hazards, errors and other safety problems.
Methods: Between September 2012 and November 2012, direct on-site observational data about the performance of ePMR systems were collected from nine sites. Twenty-eight scenarios were developed by consensus agreement between a general practitioner and two community pharmacists. Each scenario was entered into the ePMR system, and the results obtained from the assessment of six unique systems in nine sites, in terms of the presence or absence of an alert, were recorded onto a prespecified form.
Results: None of the systems produced the correct responses for all of the 28 scenarios tested. Only two systems provided an alert to penicillin sensitivity. No dose or frequency check was observed when processing a prescription for methotrexate. One system did not warn about nonsuitability of aspirin prescribed to a child of 14 years of age. In another system, it was not possible to record a patient's pregnancy status. None of the six systems provided any warning for diclofenac overdose, high initiation dose of morphine sulfate or significant dose increase. Only one of the systems did not produce any spurious alerts.
Conclusions: The performance of the ePMR systems tested was variable and suboptimal. The findings suggest the need for minimum specifications and standards for ePMR systems to ensure consistency of performance.

Citation

Ojeleye, O., Avery, A. J., & Boyd, M. J. (2014). Assessing the safety features of electronic patient medication record systems used in community pharmacies in England. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 78(2), 401-409. https://doi.org/10.1111/bcp.12347

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 5, 2014
Online Publication Date Jul 21, 2014
Publication Date 2014-08
Deposit Date Jan 22, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jan 22, 2018
Journal British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Print ISSN 0306-5251
Electronic ISSN 1365-2125
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 78
Issue 2
Pages 401-409
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/bcp.12347
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49249
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bcp.12347/abstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Ojeleye, O., Avery, A. J. and Boyd, M. J. (2014), Assessing the safety features of electronic patient medication record systems used in community pharmacies in England. Br J Clin Pharmacol, 78: 401–409. doi:10.1111/bcp.12347, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bcp.12347/abstract. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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