Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Synthesis of metal-organic frameworks by continuous flow

Bayliss, Peter A.; Ibarra, I.A.; Perez, E.; Yang, S.; Tang, Chiu C.; Poliakoff, Martyn; Schröder, Martin


Peter A. Bayliss

I.A. Ibarra

E. Perez

S. Yang

Chiu C. Tang

Martin Schröder


A continuous flow process for the synthesis of a metal-organic framework using only water as the reaction medium and requiring only short residence times is described. This affords a new route to scale-up of materials incorporating many of the principles of green chemistry. The process is demonstrated by the synthesis MIL-53(Al) via continuous flow reaction requiring only 5-6 minutes with a space time yield of 1300 kg m-3 d-1. We have demonstrated the synthesis of 500 g of MIL-53(Al) using this process, which can be scaled-up further by simply feeding further solutions of metal salt and ligand through the reactor. The product has a higher surface area and a better colour than a commercially produced sample of this MOF. In addition, a new and effective method for the extraction of terephthalic acid from within the pores of MIL-53(Al) using supercritical ethanol has been developed, representing a new methodology for activation and removal of substrates from porous hosts.


Bayliss, P. A., Ibarra, I., Perez, E., Yang, S., Tang, C. C., Poliakoff, M., & Schröder, M. (2014). Synthesis of metal-organic frameworks by continuous flow. Green Chemistry, 16(8), doi:10.1039/C4GC00313F. ISSN 1463-9262

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 1, 2014
Deposit Date Aug 26, 2015
Publicly Available Date Aug 26, 2015
Journal Green Chemistry
Print ISSN 1463-9262
Electronic ISSN 1463-9262
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 16
Issue 8
Keywords Continuous process, flow chemistry, metal-organic framework, high temperature water, green chemistry, MIL-53, HKUST-1
Public URL
Publisher URL!divAbstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address:
Additional Information

Composition Type:


manuscript.pdf (1.7 Mb)

Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address:

You might also like

Downloadable Citations