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Cost-effectiveness of interventions for increasing the possession of functioning smoke alarms in households with pre-school children: a modelling study

Saramago, Pedro; Cooper, Nicola J.; Sutton, Alex J.; Hayes, Mike; Dunn, Ken; Manca, Andrea; Kendrick, Denise

Authors

Pedro Saramago pedro.saramago@york.ac.uk

Nicola J. Cooper njc21@leicester.ac.uk

Alex J. Sutton ajs22@leicester.ac.uk

Mike Hayes mike.hayes@capt.org.uk

Ken Dunn ken.dunn@uhsm.nhs.uk

Andrea Manca andrea.manca@york.ac.uk

DENISE KENDRICK denise.kendrick@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Primary Care Research



Abstract

Background

The UK has one of the highest rates for deaths from fire and flames in children aged 0-14 years compared to other high income countries. Evidence shows that smoke alarms can reduce the risk of fire-related injury but little exists on their cost-effectiveness. We aimed to compare the cost effectiveness of different interventions for the uptake of 'functioning' smoke alarms and consequently for the prevention of fire-related injuries in children in the UK.

Methods

We carried out a decision model-based probabilistic cost-effectiveness analysis. We used a hypothetical population of newborns and evaluated the impact of living in a household with or without a functioning smoke alarm during the first 5 years of their life on overall lifetime costs and quality of life from a public health perspective. We compared seven interventions, ranging from usual care to more complex interventions comprising of education, free/low cost equipment giveaway, equipment fitting and/or home safety inspection.

Results

Education and free/low cost equipment was the most cost-effective intervention with an estimated incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of [pound sign]34,200 per QALY gained compared to usual care. This was reduced to approximately £4,500 per QALY gained when 1.8 children under the age of 5 were assumed per household.


Conclusions


Assessing cost-effectiveness, as well as effectiveness, is important in a public sector system operating under a fixed budget restraint. As highlighted in this study, the more effective interventions (in this case the more complex interventions) may not necessarily be the ones considered the most cost-effective.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 16, 2014
Journal BMC Public Health
Electronic ISSN 1471-2458
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Article Number 459
APA6 Citation Saramago, P., Cooper, N. J., Sutton, A. J., Hayes, M., Dunn, K., Manca, A., & Kendrick, D. (2014). Cost-effectiveness of interventions for increasing the possession of functioning smoke alarms in households with pre-school children: a modelling study. BMC Public Health, 14, https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-459
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-459
Keywords Cost-effectiveness analysis; Smoke alarms; Decision model; Fire-related injuries; Child home injuries
Publisher URL http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-14-459
Related Public URLs https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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