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Cosmogenic ³⁵S measurements in the Tibetan Plateau to quantify glacier snowmelt

Priyadarshi, Antra; Hill-Falkenthal, Jason; Thiemens, Mark; Zhang, Zhisheng; Lin, Mang; Chan, Chuen-yu; Kang, Shichang

Authors

Antra Priyadarshi

Jason Hill-Falkenthal

Mark Thiemens

Zhisheng Zhang

Mang Lin

Chuen-yu Chan

Shichang Kang



Abstract

The cosmogenic radionuclide ³⁵S (t₁/₂ ~ 87 days) is a unique tracer for high-altitude air mass and has been used extensively to understand stratospheric air mass mixing. In this paper, we investigate if ³⁵S can be utilized as an independent tracer to quantify glacier melt. We report the first measurements of ³⁵S in samples collected from the Tibetan Plateau during 2009–2012 with an aim to interpret ³⁵S in atmospheric particles and their deposition over glacier and snowmelts. Our measurements show that ³⁵S activity in the aerosol phase varies from 116 ± 13 to 2229 ± 52 atoms/m³ resulting in higher values during winter–spring and lower values during summer–autumn. This seasonality is likely due to higher mixing of ³⁵S-rich stratospheric air masses during winter–spring and ³⁵S-poor air masses from the Bay of Bengal during the Asian summer monsoon. The average ³⁵S activity in the Zhadang glacier was found to be 3–8 times higher relative to the nearby lake water. The main source of ³⁵S activity in the Zhadang glacier is atmospheric deposition, whereas both atmospheric deposition and glacier snowmelt are the primary sources in the Nam Co Lake. The focus of this study is to quantitatively determine the spatial and temporal variations in glacier snowmelt. In the future, extensive sampling of aerosols and snow is required for determining ³⁵S in combination with stable oxygen isotopes in sulfate to better understand the glacier melt process and hydrological cycle on the Tibetan Plateau.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Print ISSN 2169-897X
Electronic ISSN 2169-8996
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 119
Issue 7
APA6 Citation Priyadarshi, A., Hill-Falkenthal, J., Thiemens, M., Zhang, Z., Lin, M., Chan, C., & Kang, S. (in press). Cosmogenic ³⁵S measurements in the Tibetan Plateau to quantify glacier snowmelt. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119(7), doi:10.1002/2013jd019801
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jd019801
Keywords Cosmogenic Sulfur-35; Tibetan glacier melt; climate change;
Nam Co lake
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD019801/full
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information Published by AGU. Copyright 2014 American Geophysical Union.
Priyadarshi, A., J. Hill-Falkenthal, M. Thiemens, Z. Zhang, M. Lin, C.-y. Chan, and S. Kang (2014), Cosmogenic 35S
measurements in the Tibetan Plateau to quantify glacier snowmelt, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 4125–4135,
doi:10.1002/2013JD019801.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf



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