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Measurement of ground motion near piles during driving

Woods, Richard; Athanasopoulos-Zekkos, Adda; Gkrizi, Athena; Pietrangelo, Anthony; Zimmerman, Andrew

Authors

Richard Woods rdw@umich.edu

Adda Athanasopoulos-Zekkos addazekk@umich.edu

Athena Gkrizi agkrizi@umich.edu

Anthony Pietrangelo pietrangeloa@michigan.gov

Andrew Zimmerman andy@civionics.com



Abstract

Two types of vibration damage caused by driving piles have been reported in the literature: direct structural damage and damage due to settlement. Direct damage results from vibratory excitation of structures at amplitude exceeding the structural tolerance. Damage from settlement is a consequence from vibratory densification of loose soils resulting in total or differential settlement of structures. Problems of settlement due to pile driving have been experienced recently by the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) during operations associated with replacement of deteriorating bridges. The work described here represents an attempt to understand the mechanisms of energy transfer from steel H-piles driven with diesel hammers to the surrounding soil and the energy attenuation through the soil by measuring ground motion in the near vicinity of the pile. The main feature of this study consisted of installing motion transducers very close, within 0.5 foot, to piles and measuring the resulting ground motion during pile driving. Selection, fabrication, and installation of the transducers and preliminary measured pile driving vibrations are presented.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Geotechnical Special Publications
Print ISSN 0895-0563
Electronic ISSN 0895-0563
Publisher American Society of Civil Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Issue 233
APA6 Citation Woods, R., Athanasopoulos-Zekkos, A., Gkrizi, A., Pietrangelo, A., & Zimmerman, A. (in press). Measurement of ground motion near piles during driving. Geotechnical Special Publications, doi:10.1061/9780784413265.041
DOI https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413265.041
Keywords Soil settlement; Pile settlement; Pile driving; Differential settlement; Structural settlement; Damage (structural); Ground motion; Vibration
Publisher URL https://ascelibrary.org/doi/10.1061/9780784413265.041
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information From: Soil Behavior Fundamentals to Innovations in Geotechnical Engineering.
Geo-Congress 2014, 23-26 February 2014, Atlanta, Georgia.

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Olson Session Paper final.pdf (971 Kb)
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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf



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