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Mutuality of Rogers's therapeutic conditions and treatment progress in the first three psychotherapy sessions

Murphy, David; Cramer, Duncan

Authors

David Murphy David.Murphy@nottingham.ac.uk

Duncan Cramer d.cramer@lboro.ac.uk

Abstract

Abstract
Objective: Research on the effects of Rogers’s therapeutic relationship conditions has typically focused on the unilateral provision of empathy, unconditional positive regard, and congruence from therapist to client. Method: This study looked at both client and therapist mutuality of the Rogerian therapeutic conditions and the association between mutuality and treatment progress in the first three psychotherapy sessions. Clients (N = 62; mean age = 24.32; 77% female, 23% male) and therapists (N = 12; mean age = 34.32; nine female and three male) rated one another using the Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory after the first and third session. Results: Both clients and therapists perceived the quality of the
relationship as improved over time. Client rating of psychological distress (CORE-OM) was lower after session 3 than at session 1 (es = .85, [95% CIs: .67, 1.03]). Hierarchical multiple regression was used to test the predictive power of mutually high levels of the therapeutic conditions on treatment progress. The association between client rating of therapist-provided
conditions and treatment progress at session 3 was higher when both clients and therapists rated each other as providing high levels of the therapeutic conditions (R2 change = .073, p < .03). Conclusions: The findings suggest mutuality of Rogers’s therapeutic conditions is related to treatment progress.

Keywords: therapeutic relationship; psychotherapy; mutuality; treatment progress

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 6, 2014
Journal Psychotherapy Research
Print ISSN 1050-3307
Electronic ISSN 1050-3307
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 24
Issue 6
Institution Citation Murphy, D., & Cramer, D. (2014). Mutuality of Rogers's therapeutic conditions and treatment progress in the first three psychotherapy sessions. Psychotherapy Research, 24(6), doi:10.1080/10503307.2013.874051
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2013.874051
Keywords Rogers's therapeutic relationship conditions; Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory
Publisher URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10503307.2013.874051
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Psychotherapy Research on 06/02/2014, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline...80/10503307.2013.874051

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf




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