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The tradition about the mons Caelius

Malloch, Simon



This essay offers three arguments concerning the ancient tradition about the mons Caelius. (1) Tacitus’ digression on the name of the mons Caelius at Annals 4.65 provides a useful framework for interpreting the complexity of the tradition: Caeles Vibenna should be regarded as a constant feature, his chronological context as an unstable feature that was recognised as such. (2) Claudius’ report of Etruscan auctores on the naming of the mons Caelius in his speech of A.D. 48 about the Gauls, correctly emended, offers a unique etymology that cannot be reconciled with Roman accounts. (3) The presence of appellitare in Tacitus’ digression and Claudius’ speech is normally assumed to prove Tacitus’ debt to Claudius, but this assumption cannot be sustained in the face of their fundamentally irreconcilable treatments of Caeles Vibenna. Tacitus used appellitare independently of Claudius, who was not a source of Ann. 4.65.


Malloch, S. (2018). The tradition about the mons Caelius. Hermes, 146(4), 454-469.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 24, 2017
Publication Date Oct 1, 2018
Deposit Date May 25, 2017
Publicly Available Date Apr 2, 2020
Journal Hermes
Electronic ISSN 0018-0777
Publisher Franz Steiner Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 146
Issue 4
Pages 454-469
Public URL
Publisher URL
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address:


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