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Detecting common longevity trends by a multiple population approach



Steven Haberman

Gabriella Piscopo

Maria Russolillo


Recently the interest in the development of country and longevity risk models has been growing. The investigation of long-run equilibrium relationships could provide valuable information about the factors driving changes in mortality, in particular across ages and across countries. In order to investigate cross-country common longevity trends, tools to quantify, compare, and model the strength of dependence become essential. On one hand, it is necessary to take into account either the dependence for adjacent age groups or the dependence structure across time in a single population setting—a sort of intradependence structure. On the other hand, the dependence across multiple populations, which we describe as interdependence, can be explored for capturing common long-run relationships between countries. The objective of our work is to produce longevity projections by taking into account the presence of various forms of cross-sectional and temporal dependencies in the error processes of multiple populations, considering mortality data from different countries. The algorithm that we propose combines model-based predictions in the Lee-Carter (LC) framework with a bootstrap procedure for dependent data, and so both the historical parametric structure and the intragroup error correlation structure are preserved. We introduce a model which applies a sieve bootstrap to the residuals of the LC model and is able to reproduce, in the sampling, the dependence structure of the data under consideration. In the current article, the algorithm that we build is applied to a pool of populations by using ideas from panel data; we refer to this new algorithm as the Multiple Lee-Carter Panel Sieve (MLCPS). We are interested in estimating the relationship between populations of similar socioeconomic conditions. The empirical results show that the MLCPS approach works well in the presence of dependence.


D’Amato, V., Haberman, S., Piscopo, G., Russolillo, M., & Trapani, L. (in press). Detecting common longevity trends by a multiple population approach. North American Actuarial Journal, 18(1),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 5, 2013
Online Publication Date Feb 25, 2014
Deposit Date Jan 22, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jan 22, 2018
Journal North American Actuarial Journal
Print ISSN 1092-0277
Electronic ISSN 1092-0277
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 18
Issue 1
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in North American Actuarial Journal on 25 Feb 2014, available online:


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