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Threshold criteria for incipient sediment motion on an inclined bedform in the presence of oscillating-grid turbulence

Wan Mohtar, Wan Hanna Melini; Munro, Richard J.

Authors

Wan Hanna Melini Wan Mohtar

Richard J. Munro



Abstract

Here, we report laboratory experiments to investigate the threshold criteria for incipient sediment motion in the presence of oscillating-grid turbulence, with the bed slope inclined at angles between the horizontal and the repose limit for the sediment. A set of nine mono-disperse sediment types was used with size ranges normally associated with either the hydraulically-smooth or transitional regimes. Measurements of the (turbulent) fluid velocity field, in the region between the grid and bedform's surface, were obtained using two-dimensional particle imaging velocimetry. Statistical analysis of the velocity data showed that the turbulence had a anisotropic structure, due to the net transfer of energy from the normal to the tangential velocity components in the near-bed region, and that the fluctuations were dominant compared to the secondary mean flow. The sediment threshold criteria for horizontal bedforms were compared with, and found to be in good qualitative agreement with the standard Shields curve. For non-horizontal bedforms, the bed mobility was found to increase with increasing bed slope, and the threshold criteria were compared with previously-reported theoretical models, based on simple force-balance arguments.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Physics of Fluids
Print ISSN 1070-6631
Electronic ISSN 1070-6631
Publisher AIP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 25
Issue 1
Institution Citation Wan Mohtar, W. H. M., & Munro, R. J. (in press). Threshold criteria for incipient sediment motion on an inclined bedform in the presence of oscillating-grid turbulence. Physics of Fluids, 25(1), doi:10.1063/1.4774341
DOI https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4774341
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4774341
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing.

The following article appeared in Threshold criteria for incipient sediment motion on an inclined bedform in the presence of oscillating-grid turbulence
Wan Mohtar, W. H. M. and Munro, R. J., Physics of Fluids, 25, 015103 (2013) and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4774341.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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