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Novelty and Convergence in Adaptation to Whole Genome Duplication

Bohut�nsk�, Magdalena; Alston, Mark; Monnahan, Patrick; Mand�kov�, Terezie; Bray, Sian; Paajanen, Pirita; Kol�?, Filip; Yant, Levi

Novelty and Convergence in Adaptation to Whole Genome Duplication Thumbnail


Magdalena Bohut�nsk�

Assistant Professor in Environmental Design

Patrick Monnahan

Terezie Mand�kov�

Assistant Professor in Bioinformatics

Pirita Paajanen

Filip Kol�?

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Professor of Evolutionary Genomics


Michael Purugganan


Whole genome duplication (WGD) can promote adaptation but is disruptive to conserved processes, especially meiosis. Studies in Arabidopsis arenosa revealed a coordinated evolutionary response to WGD involving interacting proteins controlling meiotic crossovers, which are minimized in an autotetraploid (within-species polyploid) to avoid missegregation. Here, we test whether this surprising flexibility of a conserved essential process, meiosis, is recapitulated in an independent WGD system, Cardamine amara, 17 My diverged from A. arenosa. We assess meiotic stability and perform population-based scans for positive selection, contrasting the genomic response to WGD in C. amara with that of A. arenosa. We found in C. amara the strongest selection signals at genes with predicted functions thought important to adaptation to WGD: meiosis, chromosome remodeling, cell cycle, and ion transport. However, genomic responses to WGD in the two species differ: minimal ortholog-level convergence emerged, with none of the meiosis genes found in A. arenosa exhibiting strong signal in C. amara. This is consistent with our observations of lower meiotic stability and occasional clonal spreading in diploid C. amara, suggesting that nascent C. amara autotetraploid lineages were preadapted by their diploid lifestyle to survive while enduring reduced meiotic fidelity. However, in contrast to a lack of ortholog convergence, we see process-level and network convergence in DNA management, chromosome organization, stress signaling, and ion homeostasis processes. This gives the first insight into the salient adaptations required to meet the challenges of a WGD state and shows that autopolyploids can utilize multiple evolutionary trajectories to adapt to WGD.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 29, 2021
Online Publication Date Mar 30, 2021
Publication Date Sep 1, 2021
Deposit Date Sep 24, 2021
Publicly Available Date Sep 28, 2021
Journal Molecular Biology and Evolution
Print ISSN 0737-4038
Electronic ISSN 1537-1719
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 38
Issue 9
Pages 3910-3924
Public URL
Publisher URL


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