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Centrifuge application of fibre Bragg gratings: pile axial loads and wall bending moments

Song, Geyang; Xu, Jingmin; Heron, Charles M.; Marshall, Alec M.; Correia, Ricardo; Korposh, Sergiy

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Geyang Song

Jingmin Xu

Professor of Geotechnical Engineering

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Professor of Photonics Instrumentation


One challenge for geotechnical centrifuge testing of soil-structure interaction problems is the reliable measurement of induced structural strains/forces. This paper presents a novel application of fibre Bragg grating (FBG) sensors for strain measurement within geotechnical centrifuge tests. FBG sensors have several advantages for centrifuge testing, in particular their small size and minimal self-weight. This paper gives an overview of recently developed installation and calibration procedures for FBG sensors within buried centrifuge model structures. The effect of thermal expansion/contraction of the materials (including both the fibre and structures) is considered and assessed. The precision and reliability of the FBG sensors are demonstrated using verification tests. The application of the FBG sensors is considered for two geotechnical problems, namely, pile jacking and a 'retaining wall' adjacent to a tunnel (acting as a protective wall to prevent an adjacent structure from tunnelling-induced ground movement). The results demonstrate that the FBG sensors can provide reliable measurements of pile axial strains/forces and protective wall bending moments. The paper provides evidence to support the routine adoption of FBG sensors for strain/force measurement of structures in geotechnical centrifuge modelling.


Song, G., Xu, J., Heron, C. M., Marshall, A. M., Correia, R., & Korposh, S. (2022). Centrifuge application of fibre Bragg gratings: pile axial loads and wall bending moments. International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, 22(4), 192-207.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 1, 2021
Online Publication Date May 12, 2021
Publication Date Jul 1, 2022
Deposit Date Apr 14, 2021
Publicly Available Date May 13, 2022
Journal International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics
Print ISSN 1346-213X
Electronic ISSN 2042-6550
Publisher Thomas Telford
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 22
Issue 4
Pages 192-207
Keywords Centrifuge modelling; Strain; Piles & piling; Retaining walls; Soil/structure interaction; Tunnels & tunnelling ice | proceedings
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Additional Information ICE Publishing: All rights reserved.


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