Glenieliz C. Dizon
Sustainable sorbitol-derived compounds for gelation of the full range of ethanol–water mixtures
Dizon, Glenieliz C.; Atkinson, George; Argent, Stephen P.; Santu, Lea T.; Amabilino, David B.
Stephen P. Argent
Lea T. Santu
David B. Amabilino
During the development of soft material systems inspired by green chemistry, we show that naturally occurring starting materials can be used to prepare mono- and di-benzylidene sorbitol derivatives. These compounds gelate a range of organic, aqueous (including with mono and divalent metal salt solutions) and ethanolic (ethanol–water) solutions, with the equimolar mixture of two of the gelators gelling all compositions from 100% ethanol to 100% water (something neither of the individual components do). We explored the influence of modifications to the acetal substituents on the formation of the compounds as well as the impact of steric bulk on self-assembly properties of the gelators. The effect of solvent on the self-assembly, morphology, and rheology of the 1,3:2,4-di(4-isopropylbenzylidene)-D-sorbitol (DBS-iPr), 2,4(4-isopropylbenzylidene)-D-sorbitol (MBS-iPr) and the equimolar multicomponent (DBS–MBS-iPr) gels have been investigated. DBS-iPr gelates polar solvents to form smooth flat fibres, whereas in non-polar solvents such as cyclohexane helical fibres grow where the chirality is determined by the stereochemistry of the sugar. Oscillatory rheology revealed that MBS-iPr gels have appreciable strength and elasticity, in comparison to DBS-iPr gels, regardless of the solvent medium employed. Powder X-ray diffraction was used to probe the arrangement of the gelators in the xerogels they form, and two single crystal X-ray structures of related MBS derivatives give the first precise structural information concerning layering and hydrogen bonding in the monobenzylidene compounds. This kind of layering could explain the apparent self-sorting behaviour of the DBS–MBS-iPr multicomponent gels. The combination of sorbitol-derived gelators reported in this work could find potential applications as multicomponent systems, for example, in soft materials for personal care products, polymer nucleation/clarification, and energy technology.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||May 21, 2020|
|Publisher||Royal Society of Chemistry|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Dizon, G. C., Atkinson, G., Argent, S. P., Santu, L. T., & Amabilino, D. B. (2020). Sustainable sorbitol-derived compounds for gelation of the full range of ethanol–water mixtures. Soft Matter, 16(19), 4640-4654. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0sm00343c|
|Keywords||General Chemistry; Condensed Matter Physics|
|Additional Information||: This document is Similarity Check deposited; : Supplementary Information; : Crystal Structure Data; : Glenieliz C. Dizon (ORCID); : Stephen P. Argent (ORCID); : Stephen P. Argent (ResearcherID); : David B. Amabilino (ORCID); : Single-blind; : Received 26 February 2020; Accepted 28 April 2020; Accepted Manuscript published 28 April 2020; Advance Article published 6 May 2020|
This file is under embargo until Apr 29, 2021 due to copyright restrictions.
You might also like
Controlling the preferential motion of chiral molecular walkers on a surface