Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Brachiaria species influence nitrate transport in soil by modifying soil structure with their root system

Rosolem, C. A.; Pires, L. F.; Hallett, P. D.; Galdos, M. V.; Brown, E.; Mooney, S. J.


C. A. Rosolem

L. F. Pires

P. D. Hallett

M. V. Galdos

E. Brown

Professor of Soil Physics


Leaching of nitrate from fertilisers diminishes nitrogen use efficiency (the portion of nitrogen used by a plant) and is a major source of agricultural pollution. To improve nitrogen capture, grasses such as brachiaria are increasingly used, especially in South America and Africa, as a cover crop, either via intercropping or in rotation. However, the complex interactions between soil structure, nitrogen and the root systems of maize and different species of forage grasses remain poorly understood. This study explored how soil structure modification by the roots of maize (Zea maize), palisade grass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu) and ruzigrass (Brachiaria ruziziensis) affected nitrate leaching and retention, measured via chemical breakthrough curves. All plants were found to increase the rate of nitrate transport suggesting root systems increase the tendency for preferential flow. The greater density of fine roots produced by palisade grass, subtly decreased nitrate leaching potential through increased complexity of the soil pore network assessed with X-ray Computed Tomography. A dominance of larger roots in ruzigrass and maize increased nitrate loss through enhanced solute flow bypassing the soil matrix. These results suggest palisade grass could be a more efficient nitrate catch crop than ruzigrass (the most extensively used currently in countries such as Brazil) due to retardation in solute flow associated with the fine root system and the complex pore network.


Rosolem, C. A., Pires, L. F., Hallett, P. D., Galdos, M. V., Brown, E., & Mooney, S. J. (2020). Brachiaria species influence nitrate transport in soil by modifying soil structure with their root system. Scientific Reports, 10(1), Article 5072.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 5, 2020
Online Publication Date Mar 19, 2020
Publication Date Mar 19, 2020
Deposit Date Mar 9, 2020
Publicly Available Date Mar 20, 2020
Journal Scientific Reports
Print ISSN 2045-2322
Electronic ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 1
Article Number 5072
Keywords Multidisciplinary
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Received: 7 August 2019; Accepted: 5 March 2020; First Online: 19 March 2020; : The authors declare no competing interests.


You might also like

Downloadable Citations