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Review, Challenges, and Future Developments of Electric Taxiing Systems

Lukic, Milos; Giangrande, Paolo; Hebala, Ahmed; Nuzzo, Stefano; Galea, Michael

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Milos Lukic

Paolo Giangrande

Ahmed Hebala

Stefano Nuzzo

Professor of Electrical Machines and Drives


The ever-increasing demand for passenger air traffic results in larger airline fleets every year. The aircraft market forecast reveals an unprecedented growth for the coming decades, leading to serious environmental and economic concerns among airlines and regulatory bodies. Different approaches, for both airborne and ground operations, have been proposed to reduce and control emissions without compromising profit margin. For on-ground activities, the electric taxiing (ET) methodology is one of the suggested solutions for reducing the emissions and the acoustic noise in the airport, and for lowering the fuel consumption and operating costs. This article, thus, aims to review and collate the more important literature related to ET systems, in order to draw an inclusive picture regarding the current state-of-the-art of a moving and growing sector that just started its first steps toward an ambitious target. After introducing the general concept of ET, elaborations on the benefits and challenges of available technologies are done with a detailed comparison of the different systems. Finally, recommendations for future research and outlook on ET are presented.


Lukic, M., Giangrande, P., Hebala, A., Nuzzo, S., & Galea, M. (2019). Review, Challenges, and Future Developments of Electric Taxiing Systems. IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification, 5(4), 1441-1457.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 14, 2019
Online Publication Date Nov 29, 2019
Publication Date 2019-12
Deposit Date Mar 11, 2020
Publicly Available Date Mar 11, 2020
Journal IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification
Electronic ISSN 2372-2088
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Issue 4
Pages 1441-1457
Public URL
Additional Information © 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.


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