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A practical genome-enabled legitimacy assay for oil palm breeding and seed production

Teh, Chee-Keng; Lee, Heng-Leng; Abidin, Hafiza; Ong, Ai-Ling; Mayes, Sean; Chew, Fook-Tim; Appleton, David


Chee-Keng Teh

Heng-Leng Lee

Hafiza Abidin

Ai-Ling Ong

Associate Professor

Fook-Tim Chew

David Appleton


Background: Legitimacy in breeding and commercial crop production depends on optimised protocols to ensure purity of crosses and correct field planting of material. In oil palm, the presence of three fruit forms permits these assumptions to be tested, although only after field planting. The presence of incorrect fruit forms in a cross is a clear sign of illegitimacy. Given that tenera forms produce 30% more oil for the same weight of fruit as dura, the presence of low levels of dura contamination can have major effect during the economic lifespan of an oil palm, which is around 25 years. We evaluated two methods for legitimacy test 1) The use of SHELL markers to the gene that determines the shell-thickness trait 2) The use of SNP markers, to determine the legitimacy of the cross.


Teh, C., Lee, H., Abidin, H., Ong, A., Mayes, S., Chew, F., & Appleton, D. (2019). A practical genome-enabled legitimacy assay for oil palm breeding and seed production. BMC Plant Biology, 19(1),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 9, 2019
Online Publication Date Nov 5, 2019
Publication Date 2019-12
Deposit Date Nov 6, 2019
Journal BMC Plant Biology
Electronic ISSN 1471-2229
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 1
Article Number 470
Keywords Plant Science
Public URL
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