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Beyond Description: The Predictive Role of Affect, Memory, and Context in the Decision to Donate or Not Donate Blood

Ferguson, Eamonn; Masser, Barbara M. ; Merx, Eva-Maria ; Williams, Lisa A.

Authors

Eamonn Ferguson

Barbara M. Masser

Eva-Maria Merx

Lisa A. Williams



Abstract

Research on the recruitment and retention of blood donors has typically drawn on a homogeneous set of descriptive theories, viewing the decision to become and remain a donor as the outcome of affectively cold, planned, and rational decision-making by the individual. While this approach provides insight into how our donors think about blood donation, it is limited and has not translated into a suite of effective interventions. In this review, we set out to explore how a broader consideration of the influences on donor decision-making, in terms of affect, memory, and the context in which donation takes place may yield benefit in the way we approach donor recruitment and retention. Drawing on emerging research, we argue for the importance of considering the implications of both the positive and negative emotions that donors experience and argue for the importance of directly targeting affect in interventions to recruit non-donors. Next, we focus on the reconstructed nature of memory and the factors that influence what we remember about an event. We discuss how these processes may impact the retention of donors and the potential to intervene to enhance donors’ recollections of their experiences. Finally, we discuss how our focus on the individual has led us to neglect the influence of the context in which donation takes place on donor behaviour. We argue that the amassing of comprehensive large data sets detailing both the characteristics of the individuals and the context of their giving will ultimately allow for the more effective deployment of resources to improve recruitment and retention. In suggesting these directions for future research, our want is to move beyond the ways we have traditionally described blood donation behaviour with the aim of improving our theorizing about donors while improving the translational value of our research.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2020-04
Journal Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
Print ISSN 1660-3796
Electronic ISSN 1660-3818
Publisher Karger Publishers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 47
Issue 2
Pages 175–185
APA6 Citation Ferguson, E., Masser, B. M., Merx, E., & Williams, L. A. (2020). Beyond Description: The Predictive Role of Affect, Memory, and Context in the Decision to Donate or Not Donate Blood. Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy, 47(2), 175–185. https://doi.org/10.1159/000501917
DOI https://doi.org/10.1159/000501917
Publisher URL https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/501917
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