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Black holes, gravitational waves and fundamental physics: A roadmap

Kocsis, Bence; Ferrari, Valeria; Nardini, Germano; Mingarelli, Chiara; Herdeiro, Carlos; Heng, Ik Siong; Hendry, Martin; Heisenberg, Lavinia; Gair, Jonathan; Colpi, Monica; Gaggero, Daniele; Hinderer, Tanja; Caprini, Chiara; Chernyakova, Masha; Bulik, Tomasz; Burrage, Clare; Brito, Richard; Blas, Diego; Bon, Edi; Le Tiec, Alexandre; Horesh, Assaf; Askar, Abbas; Kramer, Michael; Bertone, Gianfranco; Sperhake, Ulrich; Sesana, Alberto; Schmidt, Patricia; Perego, Albino; Pani, Paolo; Palenzuela, Carlos; Nelemans, Gijs; Stamerra, Antonio; Annulli, Lorenzo; Abdelsalhin, Tiziano; Yagi, Kent; Wex, Norbert; Wardell, Barry; Volonteri, Marta; Vincent, Frederic; Tamanini, Nicola; Bosnjak, Zeljka; Bonetti, Matteo; Blanco-Pillado, Jose Juan; Bezares, Miguel; Berti, Emanuele; Bernuzzi, Sebastiano; Bernard, Laura; Benkel, Robert; Barakovic, Elvis; Barausse, Enrico; Bah, Ibrahima; Arca-Sedda, Manuel; Ferreira, Miguel; Erdem, Recai; Amaro-Seoane, Pau; Emparan, Roberto; Edholm, James; Eckner, Christopher; Drew, Amelia; Dotti, Massimo; Doneva, Daniela; Dialektopoulos, Kostas; Destounis, Kyriakos; Bricman, Katja; Correia, Miguel; Cook, William; Colleoni, Marta; Coates, Andrew; Clerici, Aurora; Chaty, Sylvain; Charmousis, Christos; Carloni, Sante; Witek, Helvi; Williamson, Andrew; Whiting, Bernard; Weltman, Amanda; Vitagliano, Vincenzo; Vicente, Rodrigo; Vernieri, Daniele; Vercnocke, Bert; Verbin, Yosef; Velhinho, Jose; van de Meent, Maarten; Valiante, Rosa; Unluturk, Kivanc; Tsygankov, Sergey; Torres-Forne, Alejandro; Tamfal, Tomas; Stevens, Chris; Stergioulas, Nikolaos; Stalevski, Marko; Souza-Lima, Rafael; Sopuerta, Carlos; Smole, Majda; Sintes, Alicia; Samajdar, Anuradha; Sharan Salafia, Om; Barack, Leor; Cardoso, Vitor; Nissanke, Samaya; Sotiriou, Thomas P; Askar, Abbas; Belczynski, Chris; Bertone, Gianfranco; Bon, Edi; Blas, Diego; Brito, Richard; Bulik, Tomasz; Burrage, Clare; Byrnes, Christian T; Caprini, Chiara; Chernyakova, Masha; Chruściel, Piotr; Colpi, Monica; Ferrari, Valeria; Gaggero, Daniele; Gair, Jonathan; García-Bellido, Juan; Hassan, S F; Heisenberg, Lavinia; Hendry, Martin; Heng, Ik Siong; Herdeiro, Carlos; Hinderer, Tanja; Horesh, Assaf; Kavanagh, Bradley J; Kocsis, Bence; Kramer, Michael; Le Tiec, Alexandre; Mingarelli, Chiara; Nardini, Germano; Nelemans, Gijs; Palenzuela, Carlos; Pani, Paolo; Perego, Albino; Porter, Edward K; Rossi, Elena M; Schmidt, Patricia; Sesana, Alberto; Sperhake, Ulrich; Stamerra, Antonio; Stein, Leo C; Tamanini, Nicola; Tauris, Thomas M; Urena-López, L Arturo; Vincent, Frederic; Volonteri, Marta; Wardell, Barry; Wex, Norbert; Yagi, Kent; Abdelsalhin, Tiziano; Aloy, Miguel Ángel; Amaro-Seoane, Pau; Annulli, Lorenzo; Arca-Sedda, Manuel; Bah, Ibrahima; Barausse, Enrico; Barakovic, Elvis; Benkel, Robert; Bennett, Charles L; Bernard, Laura; Bernuzzi, Sebastiano; Berry, Christopher P L; Berti, Emanuele; Bezares, Miguel; Blanco-Pillado, Jose Juan; Blázquez-Salcedo, Jose Luis; Bonetti, Matteo; Bošković, Mateja; Bosnjak, Zeljka; Bricman, Katja; Brügmann, Bernd; Capelo, Pedro R; Carloni, Sante; Cerdá-Durán, Pablo; Charmousis, Christos; Chaty, Sylvain; Clerici, Aurora; Coates, Andrew; Colleoni, Marta; Collodel, Lucas G; Compère, Geoffrey; Cook, William; Cordero-Carrión, Isabel; Correia, Miguel; de la Cruz-Dombriz, Álvaro; Czinner, Viktor G; Destounis, Kyriakos; Dialektopoulos, Kostas; Doneva, Daniela; Dotti, Massimo; Drew, Amelia; Eckner, Christopher; Edholm, James; Emparan, Roberto; Erdem, Recai; Ferreira, Miguel; Ferreira, Pedro G; Finch, Andrew; Font, Jose A; Franchini, Nicola; Fransen, Kwinten; Gal’tsov, Dmitry; Ganguly, Apratim; Gerosa, Davide; Glampedakis, Kostas; Gomboc, Andreja; Goobar, Ariel; Gualtieri, Leonardo; Guendelman, Eduardo; Haardt, Francesco; Harmark, Troels; Hejda, Filip; Hertog, Thomas; Hopper, Seth; Husa, Sascha; Ihanec, Nada; Ikeda, Taishi; Jaodand, Amruta; Jetzer, Philippe; Jimenez-Forteza, Xisco; Kamionkowski, Marc; Kaplan, David E; Kazantzidis, Stelios; Kimura, Masashi; Kobayashi, Shiho; Kokkotas, Kostas; Krolik, Julian; Kunz, Jutta; Lämmerzahl, Claus; Lasky, Paul; Lemos, José P S; Levi Said, Jackson; Liberati, Stefano; Lopes, Jorge; Luna, Raimon; Ma, Yin-Zhe; Maggio, Elisa; Mangiagli, Alberto; Montero, Marina Martinez; Maselli, Andrea; Mayer, Lucio; Mazumdar, Anupam; Messenger, Christopher; Ménard, Brice; Minamitsuji, Masato; Moore, Christopher J; Mota, David; Nampalliwar, Sourabh; Nerozzi, Andrea; Nichols, David; Nissimov, Emil; Obergaulinger, Martin; Obers, Niels A; Oliveri, Roberto; Pappas, George; Pasic, Vedad; Peiris, Hiranya; Petrushevska, Tanja; Pollney, Denis; Pratten, Geraint; Rakic, Nemanja; Racz, Istvan; Radia, Miren; Ramazanoğlu, Fethi M; Ramos-Buades, Antoni; Raposo, Guilherme; Rogatko, Marek; Rosca-Mead, Roxana; Rosinska, Dorota; Rosswog, Stephan; Ruiz-Morales, Ester; Sakellariadou, Mairi; Sanchis-Gual, Nicolás; Sharan Salafia, Om; Samajdar, Anuradha; Sintes, Alicia; Smole, Majda; Sopuerta, Carlos; Souza-Lima, Rafael; Stalevski, Marko; Stergioulas, Nikolaos; Stevens, Chris; Tamfal, Tomas; Torres-Forné, Alejandro; Tsygankov, Sergey; İ Ünlütürk, Kıvanç; Valiante, Rosa; van de Meent, Maarten; Velhinho, José; Verbin, Yosef; Vercnocke, Bert; Vernieri, Daniele; Vicente, Rodrigo; Vitagliano, Vincenzo; Weltman, Amanda; Whiting, Bernard; Williamson, Andrew; Witek, Helvi; Wojnar, Aneta; Yakut, Kadri; Yan, Haopeng; Yazadjiev, Stoycho; Zaharijas, Gabrijela; Zilhão, Miguel

Authors

Bence Kocsis

Valeria Ferrari

Germano Nardini

Chiara Mingarelli

Carlos Herdeiro

Ik Siong Heng

Martin Hendry

Lavinia Heisenberg

Jonathan Gair

Monica Colpi

Daniele Gaggero

Tanja Hinderer

Chiara Caprini

Masha Chernyakova

Tomasz Bulik

Richard Brito

Diego Blas

Edi Bon

Alexandre Le Tiec

Assaf Horesh

Abbas Askar

Michael Kramer

Gianfranco Bertone

Ulrich Sperhake

Alberto Sesana

Patricia Schmidt

Albino Perego

Paolo Pani

Carlos Palenzuela

Gijs Nelemans

Antonio Stamerra

Lorenzo Annulli

Tiziano Abdelsalhin

Kent Yagi

Norbert Wex

Barry Wardell

Marta Volonteri

Frederic Vincent

Nicola Tamanini

Zeljka Bosnjak

Matteo Bonetti

Jose Juan Blanco-Pillado

Miguel Bezares

Emanuele Berti

Sebastiano Bernuzzi

Laura Bernard

Robert Benkel

Elvis Barakovic

Enrico Barausse

Ibrahima Bah

Manuel Arca-Sedda

Miguel Ferreira

Recai Erdem

Pau Amaro-Seoane

Roberto Emparan

James Edholm

Christopher Eckner

Amelia Drew

Massimo Dotti

Daniela Doneva

Kostas Dialektopoulos

Kyriakos Destounis

Katja Bricman

Miguel Correia

William Cook

Marta Colleoni

Andrew Coates

Aurora Clerici

Sylvain Chaty

Christos Charmousis

Sante Carloni

Helvi Witek

Andrew Williamson

Bernard Whiting

Amanda Weltman

Vincenzo Vitagliano

Rodrigo Vicente

Daniele Vernieri

Bert Vercnocke

Yosef Verbin

Jose Velhinho

Maarten van de Meent

Rosa Valiante

Kivanc Unluturk

Sergey Tsygankov

Alejandro Torres-Forne

Tomas Tamfal

Chris Stevens

Nikolaos Stergioulas

Marko Stalevski

Rafael Souza-Lima

Carlos Sopuerta

Majda Smole

Alicia Sintes

Anuradha Samajdar

Om Sharan Salafia

Leor Barack

Vitor Cardoso

Samaya Nissanke

THOMAS SOTIRIOU Thomas.Sotiriou@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Gravitational Physics

Abbas Askar

Chris Belczynski

Gianfranco Bertone

Edi Bon

Diego Blas

Richard Brito

Tomasz Bulik

Christian T Byrnes

Chiara Caprini

Masha Chernyakova

Piotr Chruściel

Monica Colpi

Valeria Ferrari

Daniele Gaggero

Jonathan Gair

Juan García-Bellido

S F Hassan

Lavinia Heisenberg

Martin Hendry

Ik Siong Heng

Carlos Herdeiro

Tanja Hinderer

Assaf Horesh

Bradley J Kavanagh

Bence Kocsis

Michael Kramer

Alexandre Le Tiec

Chiara Mingarelli

Germano Nardini

Gijs Nelemans

Carlos Palenzuela

Paolo Pani

Albino Perego

Edward K Porter

Elena M Rossi

Patricia Schmidt

Alberto Sesana

Ulrich Sperhake

Antonio Stamerra

Leo C Stein

Nicola Tamanini

Thomas M Tauris

L Arturo Urena-López

Frederic Vincent

Marta Volonteri

Barry Wardell

Norbert Wex

Kent Yagi

Tiziano Abdelsalhin

Miguel Ángel Aloy

Pau Amaro-Seoane

Lorenzo Annulli

Manuel Arca-Sedda

Ibrahima Bah

Enrico Barausse

Elvis Barakovic

Robert Benkel

Charles L Bennett

Laura Bernard

Sebastiano Bernuzzi

Christopher P L Berry

Emanuele Berti

Miguel Bezares

Jose Juan Blanco-Pillado

Jose Luis Blázquez-Salcedo

Matteo Bonetti

Mateja Bošković

Zeljka Bosnjak

Katja Bricman

Bernd Brügmann

Pedro R Capelo

Sante Carloni

Pablo Cerdá-Durán

Christos Charmousis

Sylvain Chaty

Aurora Clerici

Andrew Coates

Marta Colleoni

Lucas G Collodel

Geoffrey Compère

William Cook

Isabel Cordero-Carrión

Miguel Correia

Álvaro de la Cruz-Dombriz

Viktor G Czinner

Kyriakos Destounis

Kostas Dialektopoulos

Daniela Doneva

Massimo Dotti

Amelia Drew

Christopher Eckner

James Edholm

Roberto Emparan

Recai Erdem

Miguel Ferreira

Pedro G Ferreira

Andrew Finch

Jose A Font

Nicola Franchini

Kwinten Fransen

Dmitry Gal’tsov

Apratim Ganguly

Davide Gerosa

Kostas Glampedakis

Andreja Gomboc

Ariel Goobar

Leonardo Gualtieri

Eduardo Guendelman

Francesco Haardt

Troels Harmark

Filip Hejda

Thomas Hertog

Seth Hopper

Sascha Husa

Nada Ihanec

Taishi Ikeda

Amruta Jaodand

Philippe Jetzer

Xisco Jimenez-Forteza

Marc Kamionkowski

David E Kaplan

Stelios Kazantzidis

Masashi Kimura

Shiho Kobayashi

Kostas Kokkotas

Julian Krolik

Jutta Kunz

Claus Lämmerzahl

Paul Lasky

José P S Lemos

Jackson Levi Said

Stefano Liberati

Jorge Lopes

Raimon Luna

Yin-Zhe Ma

Elisa Maggio

Alberto Mangiagli

Marina Martinez Montero

Andrea Maselli

Lucio Mayer

Anupam Mazumdar

Christopher Messenger

Brice Ménard

Masato Minamitsuji

Christopher J Moore

David Mota

Sourabh Nampalliwar

Andrea Nerozzi

David Nichols

Emil Nissimov

Martin Obergaulinger

Niels A Obers

Roberto Oliveri

George Pappas

Vedad Pasic

Hiranya Peiris

Tanja Petrushevska

Denis Pollney

Geraint Pratten

Nemanja Rakic

Istvan Racz

Miren Radia

Fethi M Ramazanoğlu

Antoni Ramos-Buades

Guilherme Raposo

Marek Rogatko

Roxana Rosca-Mead

Dorota Rosinska

Stephan Rosswog

Ester Ruiz-Morales

Mairi Sakellariadou

Nicolás Sanchis-Gual

Om Sharan Salafia

Anuradha Samajdar

Alicia Sintes

Majda Smole

Carlos Sopuerta

Rafael Souza-Lima

Marko Stalevski

Nikolaos Stergioulas

Chris Stevens

Tomas Tamfal

Alejandro Torres-Forné

Sergey Tsygankov

Kıvanç İ Ünlütürk

Rosa Valiante

Maarten van de Meent

José Velhinho

Yosef Verbin

Bert Vercnocke

Daniele Vernieri

Rodrigo Vicente

Vincenzo Vitagliano

Amanda Weltman

Bernard Whiting

Andrew Williamson

Helvi Witek

Aneta Wojnar

Kadri Yakut

Haopeng Yan

Stoycho Yazadjiev

Gabrijela Zaharijas

Miguel Zilhão



Abstract

© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd. The grand challenges of contemporary fundamental physics-dark matter, dark energy, vacuum energy, inflation and early universe cosmology, singularities and the hierarchy problem-all involve gravity as a key component. And of all gravitational phenomena, black holes stand out in their elegant simplicity, while harbouring some of the most remarkable predictions of General Relativity: event horizons, singularities and ergoregions. The hitherto invisible landscape of the gravitational Universe is being unveiled before our eyes: the historical direct detection of gravitational waves by the LIGO-Virgo collaboration marks the dawn of a new era of scientific exploration. Gravitational-wave astronomy will allow us to test models of black hole formation, growth and evolution, as well as models of gravitational-wave generation and propagation. It will provide evidence for event horizons and ergoregions, test the theory of General Relativity itself, and may reveal the existence of new fundamental fields. The synthesis of these results has the potential to radically reshape our understanding of the cosmos and of the laws of Nature. The purpose of this work is to present a concise, yet comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the relevant fields of research, summarize important open problems, and lay out a roadmap for future progress. This write-up is an initiative taken within the framework of the European Action on 'Black holes, Gravitational waves and Fundamental Physics'.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 19, 2019
Journal Classical and Quantum Gravity
Print ISSN 0264-9381
Electronic ISSN 1361-6382
Publisher IOP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 36
Issue 14
Article Number 143001
APA6 Citation Askar, A., Bertone, G., Bon, E., Blas, D., Brito, R., Burrage, C., …Zilhão, M. (2019). Black holes, gravitational waves and fundamental physics: A roadmap. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 36(14), https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6382/ab0587
DOI https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6382/ab0587
Keywords General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology; High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; High Energy Physics - Theory
Publisher URL https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-6382/ab0587
Additional Information This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in Classical and Quantum Gravity. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at 10.1088/1361-6382/ab0587.

Leor Barack et al 2019 Class. Quantum Grav. 36 143001.

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