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Adaptive Architecture: regulating human building interaction

Urquhart, Lachlan; Schnädelbach, Holger; Jäger, Nils


Lachlan Urquhart

Holger Schnädelbach


In this paper, we explore the regulatory, technical and interactional implications of Adaptive Architecture (AA) and how it will recalibrate the nature of human-building interaction. We comprehensively unpack the emergence and history of this novel concept, reflecting on the current state of the art and policy foundations supporting it. As AA is underpinned by the Internet of Things (IoT), we consider how regulatory and surveillance issues posed by the IoT are manifesting in the built environment. In our analysis, we utilise a prominent architectural model, Stuart Brand’s Shearing Layers, to understand temporal change and informational flows across different physical layers of a building. We use three AA applications to situate our analysis, namely a smart IoT security camera; an AA research prototype; and an AA commercial deployment. Focusing on emerging information privacy and security regulations, particularly the EU General Data Protection Regulation 2016, we examine AA from 5 perspectives: physical & information security risks; challenges of establishing responsibility; enabling occupant rights over flows, collection, use & control of personal data; addressing increased visibility of emotions and bodies; understanding surveillance of everyday routine activities. We conclude with key challenges for AA regulation and the future of human–building interaction.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 2, 2019
Journal International Review of Law, Computers & Technology
Print ISSN 1360-0869
Electronic ISSN 1364-6885
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 33
Issue 1
Pages 3-33
APA6 Citation Urquhart, L., Schn├Ądelbach, H., & J├Ąger, N. (2019). Adaptive Architecture: regulating human building interaction. International Review of Law, Computers and Technology, 33(1), 3-33.
Keywords Law; Computer Science Applications
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