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The consequences of tinnitus and tinnitus severity on cognition: A review of the behavioural evidence

Mohamad, Najibah; Hoare, Derek J.; Hall, Deborah A.

Authors

Najibah Mohamad

DEREK HOARE derek.hoare@nottingham.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Hearing Sciences

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DEBORAH HALL Deborah.Hall@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Hearing Sciences



Abstract

People with tinnitus report anecdotal difficulties in mental concentration and psychological treatments for tinnitus advise on concentration difficulties and how to manage them. Yet the literature lacks any coherent discussion about what precise theoretical cognitive constructs might be mediating reported concentration problems. This review addresses this gap by describing and critically appraising the behavioural evidence for the effects of tinnitus on cognitive performance (namely working memory and attention). Empirical evidence is somewhat limited, but there is some support that tinnitus interferes with executive attention, and mixed support that it impairs working memory and selective attention. We highlight a number of methodological considerations to help drive the field forward and we propose a putative model of the complex inter-relationships between tinnitus, cognition and confounding factors. This model provides a basis for hypothesis testing.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 1, 2016
Journal Hearing Research
Print ISSN 0378-5955
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 332
Pages 199-209
APA6 Citation Mohamad, N., Hoare, D. J., & Hall, D. A. (2016). The consequences of tinnitus and tinnitus severity on cognition: A review of the behavioural evidence. Hearing Research, 332, 199-209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2015.10.001
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2015.10.001
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378595515300551?via%3Dihub

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