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Association between surgeon special interest and mortality after emergency laparotomy

Boyd?Carson, H.; Doleman, B.; Herrod, P. J. J.; Anderson, I. D.; Williams, J. P.; Lund, J. N.; Tierney, G. M.; Murray, D.; Hare, S.; Lockwood, S.; Oliver, C. M.; Spurling, L. J.; Poulton, T.; Johnston, C.; Cromwell, D.; Kuryba, A.; Martin, P.; Lourtie, J.; Goodwin, J.; Mooesinghe, R.; Eugene, N.; Catrin?Cook, S.; Anderson, I.; on behalf of the NELA Collaboration


H. Boyd?Carson

B. Doleman

P. J. J. Herrod

I. D. Anderson

Clinical Associate Professor

G. M. Tierney

D. Murray

S. Hare

S. Lockwood

C. M. Oliver

L. J. Spurling

T. Poulton

C. Johnston

D. Cromwell

A. Kuryba

P. Martin

J. Lourtie

J. Goodwin

R. Mooesinghe

N. Eugene

S. Catrin?Cook

I. Anderson

on behalf of the NELA Collaboration


© 2019 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Background: Approximately 30 000 emergency laparotomies are performed each year in England and Wales. Patients with pathology of the gastrointestinal tract requiring emergency laparotomy are managed by general surgeons with an elective special interest focused on either the upper or lower gastrointestinal tract. This study investigated the impact of special interest on mortality after emergency laparotomy. Methods: Adult patients having emergency laparotomy with either colorectal or gastroduodenal pathology were identified from the National Emergency Laparotomy Audit database and grouped according to operative procedure. Outcomes included all-cause 30-day mortality, length of hospital stay and return to theatre. Logistic and Poisson regression were used to analyse the association between consultant special interest and the three outcomes. Results: A total of 33 819 patients (28 546 colorectal, 5273 upper gastrointestinal (UGI)) were included. Patients who had colorectal procedures performed by a consultant without a special interest in colorectal surgery had an increased adjusted 30-day mortality risk (odds ratio (OR) 1·23, 95 per cent c.i. 1·13 to 1·33). Return to theatre also increased in this group (OR 1·13, 1·05 to 1·20). UGI procedures performed by non-UGI special interest surgeons carried an increased adjusted risk of 30-day mortality (OR 1·24, 1·02 to 1·53). The risk of return to theatre was not increased (OR 0·89, 0·70 to 1·12). Conclusion: Emergency laparotomy performed by a surgeon whose special interest is not in the area of the pathology carries an increased risk of death at 30 days. This finding potentially has significant implications for emergency service configuration, training and workforce provision, and should stimulate discussion among all stakeholders.


Boyd‐Carson, H., Doleman, B., Herrod, P. J. J., Anderson, I. D., Williams, J. P., Lund, J. N., …on behalf of the NELA Collaboration. (2019). Association between surgeon special interest and mortality after emergency laparotomy. British Journal of Surgery, 106(7), 940-948.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 31, 2019
Online Publication Date Apr 25, 2019
Publication Date Jun 1, 2019
Deposit Date Apr 30, 2019
Publicly Available Date Apr 26, 2020
Journal British Journal of Surgery
Print ISSN 0007-1323
Electronic ISSN 1365-2168
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 106
Issue 7
Pages 940-948
Keywords Surgery
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Boyd?Carson, H. , Doleman, B. , Herrod, P. J., Anderson, I. D., Williams, J. P., Lund, J. N., Tierney, G. M. and , (2019), Association between surgeon special interest and mortality after emergency laparotomy. Br J Surg. , which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.


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