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Assessing the ex vivo permeation behaviour of functionalised contact lens coatings engineered using an electrohydrodynamic technique

Mehta, Prina; Al-Kinani, Ali A.; Qutachi, Omar; Arshad, Muhammad S.; Alqahtani, Ali; Chang, Ming-Wei; Amoaku, Winfried M.; Alany, Raid G.; Ahmad, Zeeshan


Prina Mehta

Ali A. Al-Kinani

Omar Qutachi

Muhammad S. Arshad

Ali Alqahtani

Ming-Wei Chang

Clinical Assoc Prof & Reader in Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences

Raid G. Alany

Zeeshan Ahmad


In vitro testing alone is no longer considered sufficient evidence presented solely with respect to drug release and permeation testing. These studies are thought to be more reliable and representative when using tissue or animal models; as opposed to synthetic membranes. The release of anti-glaucoma drug timolol maleate from electrically atomised coatings was assessed here using freshly excised bovine corneal tissue. Electrohydrodynamic processing was utilised to engineer functionalised fibrous polyvinylpyrrolidone-Poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) coatings on the outer side of commercial silicone contact lenses. Benzalkonium chloride, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, Brij® 78 and borneol were employed as permeation enhancers to see their effect on ex vivo permeation of timolol maleate through the cornea. Formulations containing permeation enhancers showed a vast improvement with respect to cumulative amount of drug permeating through the cornea as shown by a six fold decrease in lag time compared to enhancer-free formulations. Most drug delivery systems require the drug to pass or permeate through a tissue or biological membrane. This study has shown that to fully appreciate and understand how a novel drug delivery system will behave not only within the device but with the external environment or tissue, it is imperative to have in vitro and ex vivo data in conjunction.


Mehta, P., Al-Kinani, A. A., Qutachi, O., Arshad, M. S., Alqahtani, A., Chang, M., …Ahmad, Z. (2019). Assessing the ex vivo permeation behaviour of functionalised contact lens coatings engineered using an electrohydrodynamic technique. Journal of Physics: Materials, 2(1), 1-7.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 20, 2018
Online Publication Date Dec 14, 2018
Publication Date Jan 1, 2019
Deposit Date Apr 16, 2019
Publicly Available Date Apr 16, 2019
Journal Journal of Physics: Materials
Print ISSN 2515-7639
Electronic ISSN 2515-7639
Publisher IOP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Issue 1
Article Number 014002
Pages 1-7
Public URL
Publisher URL