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Stress Reduction Interventions for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Focused Literature Review

Curley, Kenneth; Colman, Rory; Rushforth, Annabel; Kotera, Yasuhiro


Kenneth Curley

Rory Colman

Annabel Rushforth


Parents of autistic children report higher levels of parenting stress than any other child-related disabilities, with atypical child behaviour being identified as a key contributor to stress. As stress causes many negative health problems, it is important to understand what interventions are reportedly effective to reduce parenting stress in the literature. Five electronic databases—Cochrane, ProQuest, Pubmed, ScienceDirect, and Scopus—were searched for relevant literature focusing on stress reduction intervention studies, studies on parents of children diagnosed with ASD, and publications no older than ten years. The PRISMA 2020 checklist was used for reporting. A total of 11 articles from 169 were included, including 22 interventions identified and categorised based on theoretical approach, i.e., Applied Behavioural Analysis, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Humanistics, and psychoeducation. The evidence synthesised advocates for an integrative approach, such as Mindfulness-Based Positive Behaviour Support, an evidence-based practice approach that appears to offer greater advantages in reducing parenting stress. The implications of our results can inform educators and practitioners regarding available stress interventions for parents of children with ASD. Our findings warrant rigorous design research such as randomised controlled trials to be conducted to further identify the effects of these interventions.


Curley, K., Colman, R., Rushforth, A., & Kotera, Y. (2023). Stress Reduction Interventions for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Focused Literature Review. Youth, 3(1), 246-260.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 13, 2023
Online Publication Date Feb 15, 2023
Publication Date 2023-03
Deposit Date Feb 17, 2023
Publicly Available Date Feb 22, 2023
Journal Youth
Print ISSN 2673-995X
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 1
Pages 246-260
Public URL


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