Rowan H. Harwood
Physical activity engagement strategies in people with dementia – a focus group study
Harwood, Rowan H.; van der Wardt, Veronika; Hancox, Jennie; Pollock, Kristian; Logan, Pip; Vedhara, Kavita; Harwood, Rowan
VERONIKA VAN DER WARDT V.VANDERWARDT@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Senior Research Fellow
KRISTIAN POLLOCK email@example.com
Professor of Medical Sociology
PIP LOGAN firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor of Rehabilitation Research
KAVITA VEDHARA email@example.com
Professor in Applied Psychology
Prof ROWAN HARWOOD Rowan.Harwood@nottingham.ac.uk
Clinical Consultant (Professor)
Objective: This focus group study aimed to explore how to motivate people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia and their carers to engage in exercise and physical activity.
Methods: Four focus groups were conducted with six people with MCI or dementia, three carers and four clinicians (nurse, occupational therapist, physiotherapists). A thematic analysis of the data was undertaken.
Results: Five main themes were identified: ‘memory problems’, ‘self-motivation’, ‘external motivation’, ‘design of activities’ and ‘barriers’. Participants viewed exercise positively but emphasised that it needed to fit into their daily routine. Goal-setting was seen as helpful by some participants but others saw this as a source of potential failure. Enjoyment was seen as key to engagement.
Conclusion: Exercise and physical activity interventions need an individualised approach to engage people with MCI or dementia, with a positive emphasis on enjoyment. Goal-setting should be used with caution in this group of people.
Harwood, R. H., van der Wardt, V., Hancox, J., Pollock, K., Logan, P., Vedhara, K., & Harwood, R. (2020). Physical activity engagement strategies in people with dementia – a focus group study. Aging and Mental Health, 24(8), 1326-1333. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2019.1590308
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Feb 23, 2019|
|Online Publication Date||Apr 7, 2019|
|Publication Date||Jan 1, 2020|
|Deposit Date||Mar 18, 2019|
|Publicly Available Date||Apr 29, 2019|
|Journal||Aging & Mental Health|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Dementia, physical activity, exercise, motivation, behaviour change|