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Physical activity engagement strategies in people with dementia – a focus group study

Harwood, Rowan H.; van der Wardt, Veronika; Hancox, Jennie; Pollock, Kristian; Logan, Pip; Vedhara, Kavita; Harwood, Rowan

Authors

Rowan H. Harwood

Veronika van der Wardt

Jennie Hancox

Kristian Pollock

Pip Logan

Kavita Vedhara

Rowan Harwood



Abstract

Objective: This focus group study aimed to explore how to motivate people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia and their carers to engage in exercise and physical activity.

Methods: Four focus groups were conducted with six people with MCI or dementia, three carers and four clinicians (nurse, occupational therapist, physiotherapists). A thematic analysis of the data was undertaken.

Results: Five main themes were identified: ‘memory problems’, ‘self-motivation’, ‘external motivation’, ‘design of activities’ and ‘barriers’. Participants viewed exercise positively but emphasised that it needed to fit into their daily routine. Goal-setting was seen as helpful by some participants but others saw this as a source of potential failure. Enjoyment was seen as key to engagement.

Conclusion: Exercise and physical activity interventions need an individualised approach to engage people with MCI or dementia, with a positive emphasis on enjoyment. Goal-setting should be used with caution in this group of people.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 7, 2019
Journal Aging & Mental Health
Print ISSN 1360-7863
Electronic ISSN 1364-6915
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Pages 1-8
APA6 Citation Harwood, R. H., van der Wardt, V., Hancox, J., Pollock, K., Logan, P., Vedhara, K., & Harwood, R. (2019). Physical activity engagement strategies in people with dementia – a focus group study. Aging and Mental Health, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2019.1590308
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2019.1590308
Keywords Dementia, physical activity, exercise, motivation, behaviour change
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13607863.2019.1590308

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