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Modifying a paediatric rational prescribing tool (POPI) for use in the UK

Corrick, Fenella; Choonara, Imti; Conroy, Sharon; Sammons, Helen

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Fenella Corrick

Imti Choonara

Sharon Conroy

Helen Sammons


Rational prescribing tools can be used by individual prescribers, organisations, and researchers to evaluate the quality of prescribing for research and quality improvement purposes. A literature search showed that there is only one tool for evaluating rational prescribing for paediatric patients in hospital and outpatient settings. The Pediatrics: Omission of Prescriptions and Inappropriate Prescriptions (POPI) tool was developed in France and comprises 105 criteria. The aim of this study was to modify this tool to facilitate its use in paediatric practice in the United Kingdom (UK). POPI criteria were compared to relevant UK clinical guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, the Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network and the British National Formulary for Children. Where guidelines differed, criteria were modified to reflect UK guidance. If there were no relevant guidelines or directly contradictory guidelines, criteria were removed. Overall, no change was made to 49 criteria. There were 29 modified to concord with UK guidelines. Four criteria were reduced to two criteria due to being linked in single guidelines. Twenty-three criteria were omitted, due to the absence of relevant UK guidance or directly conflicting UK practice, including one entire clinical category (mosquitos). One category title was amended to parallel UK terminology. The modified POPI (UK) tool comprises of eighty criteria and is the first rational prescribing tool for the evaluation of prescribing for children in hospital and outpatient settings in the UK.


Corrick, F., Choonara, I., Conroy, S., & Sammons, H. (2019). Modifying a paediatric rational prescribing tool (POPI) for use in the UK. Healthcare, 7(1), Article 33.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 14, 2019
Online Publication Date Feb 20, 2019
Publication Date Feb 20, 2019
Deposit Date Feb 22, 2019
Publicly Available Date Feb 22, 2019
Journal Healthcare
Electronic ISSN 2227-9032
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 1
Article Number 33
Keywords Paediatric; Children; Use of medicines; Rational prescribing
Public URL
Publisher URL
Contract Date Feb 22, 2019


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