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Mortality risk associated with nuclear disasters depends on the time during and following evacuation of hospitals near nuclear power plants: An observational and qualitative study

Sawano, Toyoaki; Senoo, Yuki; Nonaka, Saori; Ozaki, Akihiko; Nishikawa, Yoshitaka; Hori, Arinobu; Kotera, Yasuhiro; Murakami, Michio; Zhao, Tianchen; Tsubokura, Masaharu

Mortality risk associated with nuclear disasters depends on the time during and following evacuation of hospitals near nuclear power plants: An observational and qualitative study Thumbnail


Authors

Toyoaki Sawano

Yuki Senoo

Saori Nonaka

Akihiko Ozaki

Yoshitaka Nishikawa

Arinobu Hori

Michio Murakami

Tianchen Zhao

Masaharu Tsubokura



Abstract

This study aimed to examine the factors correlated with emergency evacuations on patients’ prognosis in hospitals severely affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) accident in March 2011, and to recommend measures mitigating potential health risks among them in future disasters. Seven hospitals within a 20-km radius of the FDNPP were designated as the evacuation zone, of which three hospitals located within a 5-km radius were examined. Information regarding hospital emergency evacuation among the three hospitals from previous literature and official reports were integrated and interview outcomes of staff at each hospital were qualitatively analyzed using thematic analysis. Our thematic analysis identified four themes: insufficient preparedness for disaster, difficulty of patient evacuation, insufficient materials, and insufficient information. Comparison of the three hospitals located within a 5-km radius of the FDNPP revealed that hospitals with several patients or those with a high proportion of bedridden or critically ill patients faced more difficulty in emergency evacuation and experienced higher fatalities. In addition to individual evacuation plans, for future preparedness, external and public organizations should prepare disaster responses such as procedures to integrate information on the status of each medical facility and measures to support them individually.

Citation

Sawano, T., Senoo, Y., Nonaka, S., Ozaki, A., Nishikawa, Y., Hori, A., …Tsubokura, M. (2023). Mortality risk associated with nuclear disasters depends on the time during and following evacuation of hospitals near nuclear power plants: An observational and qualitative study. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 85, Article 103514. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2022.103514

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 22, 2022
Online Publication Date Dec 24, 2022
Publication Date Feb 1, 2023
Deposit Date Dec 30, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jan 6, 2023
Journal International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Print ISSN 2212-4209
Publisher Elsevier BV
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 85
Article Number 103514
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2022.103514
Keywords Geology; Safety Research; Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology; Building and Construction
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/15436734
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212420922007336?via%3Dihub

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