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Doctors' perceived working conditions and the quality of patient care: a systematic review

Teoh, Kevin; Hassard, Juliet; Cox, Tom

Authors

Kevin Teoh

Tom Cox



Abstract

Numerous reports advocate improving doctors’ working conditions as an important part of initiatives to enhance the quality of patient care. However, the research literature is not clear on this underlying relationship. This systematic review examines the evidence on the relationship between the working conditions perceived by doctors and the quality of patient care. Seven electronic databases were searched, with 21 studies from six countries included in the review. The findings highlight the questions how quality of care is constructed and measured as the presence of these relationships varied by the outcome measure used. A greater number of significant relationships were observed for clinical excellence and patient safety than patient experience. The reviewed literature reflects a lack of theoretical underpinning and consideration of the mechanisms underlying pathways between doctors’ perceived working conditions and quality of care. It also does not capture the complexities within the healthcare sector, nor the wider theoretical and empirical developments in the field. Therefore, a definitive relationship between doctors’ perceived working conditions and the quality of patient care should be considered with caution. Future research should account for the observed methodological and theoretical limitations to better understand the nuances within this complex, but important relationship.

Citation

Teoh, K., Hassard, J., & Cox, T. (2019). Doctors' perceived working conditions and the quality of patient care: a systematic review. Work and Stress, 33(4), 385-413. https://doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2019.1598514

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 4, 2019
Online Publication Date Apr 3, 2019
Publication Date Apr 3, 2019
Deposit Date Feb 11, 2019
Publicly Available Date Apr 4, 2020
Journal Work and Stress
Print ISSN 0267-8373
Electronic ISSN 1464-5335
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 33
Issue 4
Pages 385-413
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2019.1598514
Keywords Performance, job resources, job demands, working conditions, systematic review, quality of care
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1535884
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02678373.2019.1598514
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Work & Stress on 03/04/2019, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02678373.2019.1598514.

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