Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Contrasting Penal and Non-Penal Responses to Terrorism: Proportionality and Human Rights in the UK

Jackson, John


John Jackson


Emmanouil Billis

Nandor Knust

Jon Petter Rui


This chapter examines the penal and non-penal executive measures that have been taken to combat two main phases of terrorist activity within the last 50 years, namely Irish or so-called 'troubles-based' terrorism dating back to the 1970s and more recent 'Islamic' or so-called 'Jihadi-based' terrorism . It is argued that although the non-penal measures introduced at the beginning of each of the two phases were disproportionate in their effect, over time a strict proportionality analysis came to be applied to these measures. A number of measures taken within the criminal justice system, by contrast, have not been subjected to the same rigour, with the result that the criminalisation of terrorism has come at a price in terms of individual rights.

Online Publication Date Apr 22, 2021
Publication Date Jun 17, 2021
Deposit Date Dec 4, 2022
Publisher Bloomsbury Publishing
Book Title Proportionality in Crime Control and Criminal Justice
Chapter Number 8
ISBN 9781509938605
Public URL
Publisher URL

Downloadable Citations