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On the multi-agent stochastic simulation of occupants in buildings

Chapman, Jacob; Siebers, Peer-Olaf; Robinson, Darren

Authors

Jacob Chapman

Darren Robinson



Abstract

This paper introduces a new general platform for the simulation of occupants’ presence and behaviours. Called No-MASS
(Nottingham Multi-Agent Stochastic Simulation), this generates a synthetic population of agents, predicts their presence and,
in the case of residences also their activities and inferred locations, as well as their use of windows, lights and blinds. Using
the Functional Mockup Interface, No-MASS is coupled with EnergyPlus: EnergyPlus parses environmental parameters to
No-MASS which in turn parses back the energetic consequences of agents’ behaviours. After describing the architecture of
No-MASS and the form of the integrated models, we demonstrate its utility through two use cases: a house and an office.We
close by outlining how No-MASS has been extended to more comprehensively simulate the behaviours of agents occupying
multiple buildings, including behaviours for which data is scarce, social interactions between agents, and a generalization
of No-MASS to simulate electrical devices and their interactions.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 8, 2018
Journal Journal of Building Performance Simulation
Print ISSN 1940-1493
Electronic ISSN 1940-1507
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 5
Pages 604-621
APA6 Citation Chapman, J., Siebers, P., & Robinson, D. (2018). On the multi-agent stochastic simulation of occupants in buildings. Journal of Building Performance Simulation, 11(5), 604-621. https://doi.org/10.1080/19401493.2017.1417483
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/19401493.2017.1417483
Keywords multi-agent; stochastic; behaviour; energy; simulation
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19401493.2017.1417483
Additional Information Peer Review Statement: The publishing and review policy for this title is described in its Aims & Scope.; Aim & Scope: http://www.tandfonline....cope&journalCode=tbps20
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