The burden of childhood atopic dermatitis in the primary care setting: a report from the Meta-LARC Consortium
Al-Naqeeb, Jinan; Danner, Sankirtana; Fagnan, Lyle J.; Ramsey, Katrina; Michaels, LeAnn; Mitchell, Julie; Branca, Kelsey; Morris, Cynthia; Nease, Donald E.; Zittleman, Linda; Levy, Barcey; Daly, Jeanette; Hahn, David; Dolor, Rowena J.; Williams, Hywel C.; Chalmers, Joanne R.; Hanifin, Jon; Tofte, Susan; Zuckerman, Katharine E.; Hansis, Karen; Gundersen, Mollie; Block, Julie; Karr, Francie; Dunbrasky, Sandra; Siebe, Kathy; Dillon, Kristen; Cibotti, Ricardo; Lapidus, Jodi; Simpson, Eric L.
Lyle J. Fagnan
Donald E. Nease
Rowena J. Dolor
HYWEL WILLIAMS email@example.com
Professor of Dermato-Epidemiology
Joanne R. Chalmers
Katharine E. Zuckerman
Eric L. Simpson
Background: Little is known about the burden of AD encountered in U.S. primary care practices and the frequency and type of skin care practices routinely used in children.
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of AD and allergic comorbidities in children 0-5 years attending primary care practices in the U.S. and to describe routine skin care practices used in this population.
Design: A cross-sectional survey study of a convenience sample of children under the age of 5 attending primary care practices for any reason.
Setting: Ten primary care practices in five U.S. states.
Results: Amongst 652 children attending primary care practices, the estimated prevalence of ever having AD was 24 % (95% CI= 21-28) ranging from 15% among those under the age of one to 38% among those aged 4- 5 years. The prevalence of comorbid asthma was higher among AD participants compared to those with no AD, 12% and 4%, respectively (p less than 0.001). Moisturizers with high water:oil ratios were most commonly used (i.e., lotions) in the non-AD population, whereas moisturizers with low water:oil content (i.e. ointments) most common when AD was present.
Conclusions: Our study found a large burden of AD in the primary care practice setting in the U.S. The majority of households reported skin care practices in children without AD that may be detrimental to the skin barrier such as frequent bathing and the routine use of moisturizers with high water: oil ratios. Clinical trials are needed to identify which skin care practices are optimal for reducing the significant risk of AD in the community.
Al-Naqeeb, J., Danner, S., Fagnan, L. J., Ramsey, K., Michaels, L., Mitchell, J., …Simpson, E. L. (2019). The burden of childhood atopic dermatitis in the primary care setting: a report from the Meta-LARC Consortium. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 32(2), 191-200. https://doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.2019.02.180225
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Nov 21, 2018|
|Online Publication Date||Apr 1, 2019|
|Publication Date||Apr 1, 2019|
|Deposit Date||Jan 16, 2019|
|Publicly Available Date||Jan 17, 2019|
|Journal||Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine|
|Publisher||American Board of Family Medicine|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Family Practice; Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health|
Revised CASCADE Merged Burden Paper (002)