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Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 testing in breast cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists clinical practice guideline focused update

Wolff, Antonio C.; Hammond, M. Elizabeth Hale; Allison, Kimberly H.; Harvey, Brittany E.; Mangu, Pamela B.; Bartlett, John M.S.; Bilous, Michael; Ellis, Ian O.; Fitzgibbons, Patrick; Hanna, Wedad; Jenkins, Robert B.; Press, Michael F.; Spears, Patricia A.; Vance, Gail H.; Viale, Giuseppe; McShane, Lisa M.; Dowsett, Mitchell

Authors

Antonio C. Wolff

M. Elizabeth Hale Hammond

Kimberly H. Allison

Brittany E. Harvey

Pamela B. Mangu

John M.S. Bartlett

Michael Bilous

Patrick Fitzgibbons

Wedad Hanna

Robert B. Jenkins

Michael F. Press

Patricia A. Spears

Gail H. Vance

Giuseppe Viale

Lisa M. McShane

Mitchell Dowsett



Abstract

Purpose: To update key recommendations of the American Society of Clinical Oncology / College of American Pathologists human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) testing in breast cancer gudeline.
Methods: Based on the signals approach, an Expert Panel reviewed published literature and research survey results on the observed frequency of less common in situ hybridization (ISH) patterns to update the recommendations.
Recommendations: Two recommendations addressed via correspondence in 2015 are included. First, immunohistochemistry (IHC) 2+ is defined as invasive breast cancer with weak to moderate complete membranestaining observed in.10% of tumor cells. Second, if the initial HER2 test result in a core needle biopsy specimen of a primary breast cancer is negative, a new HER2 test may (not “must”) be ordered on the excision specimen based on specific clinical criteria. The HER2 testing algorithm for breast cancer is updated to address the recommended work-up for less common clinical scenarios (approximately 5% of cases) observed when using a dual-probe ISH assay. These scenarios are described as ISH group 2 (HER2/chromosome enumeration probe 17 [CEP17] ratio > or = 2.0; average HER2 copy number less than 4.0 signals per cell), ISH group 3 (HER2/CEP17 ratio less than 2.0; average HER2copy number > or = 6.0 signals per cell), and ISH group 4 (HER2/CEP17 ratio less than 2.0; average HER2 copy number > or = 4.0 and less than 6.0 signals per cell). The diagnostic approach includes more rigorous interpretation criteria for ISH and requires concomitant IHC review for dual-probe ISH groups 2 to 4 to arrive at the most accurate HER2 status designation (positive or negative) based on combined interpretation of the ISH and IHC assays. The Expert Panel recommends that laboratories using single-probe ISH assays include concomitant IHC review as part of the interpretation of all single-probe ISH assay results.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jul 10, 2018
Journal Journal of Clinical Oncology
Print ISSN 0732-183X
Electronic ISSN 1527-7755
Publisher American Society of Clinical Oncology
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 36
Issue 20
Pages 2105-2122
APA6 Citation Wolff, A. C., Hammond, M. E. H., Allison, K. H., Harvey, B. E., Mangu, P. B., Bartlett, J. M., …Dowsett, M. (2018). Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 testing in breast cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists clinical practice guideline focused update. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 36(20), 2105-2122. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2018.77.8738
DOI https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2018.77.8738
Keywords Cancer Research; Oncology
Publisher URL http://ascopubs.org/doi/pdf/10.1200/JCO.2018.77.8738

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