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Expression of Lamin A/C in early-stage breast cancer and its prognostic value

Alhudiri, I.M.; Nolan, C.C.; Ellis, I.O.; Elzagheid, A.; Rakha, E.A.; Green, A.R.; Chapman, C.J.

Authors

I.M. Alhudiri

C.C. Nolan

A. Elzagheid

EMAD RAKHA Emad.Rakha@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Breast Cancer Pathology

C.J. Chapman



Abstract

Purpose: Lamins A/C, a major component of the nuclear lamina, plays key roles in maintaining nuclear integrity, regulation of gene expression, cell proliferation and apoptosis. Reduced lamin A/C expression in cancer has been reported to be a sign of poor prognosis. However, its clinical significance in breast cancer remains to be defined. This study aimed to evaluate expression and prognostic significance of lamin A/C in early-stage breast cancer.

Methods: Using immunohistochemical staining of tissue microarrays, expression of lamin A/C was evaluated in a large well-characterised series of early-stage operable breast cancer (n=938) obtained from Nottingham Primary Breast Carcinoma Series. Association of lamin A/C expression with clinicopathological parameters and outcome was evaluated.

Results: Positive expression rate of lamin A/C in breast cancer was 42.2% (n=398). Reduced/loss of expression of lamin A/C was significantly associated with high histological grade (p [less than] 0.001), larger tumour size (p=0.004), poor Nottingham Prognostic Index (NPI) score (p [less than] 0.001), lymphovascular invasion (p=0.014) and development of distant metastasis (p=0.027). Survival analysis showed that reduced/loss of expression of lamin A/C was significantly associated with shorter breast cancer specific survival (p=0.008).

Conclusion: This study suggests lamin A/C plays a role in breast cancer and loss of its expression is associated with variables of poor prognosis and shorter outcome.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2019-04
Journal Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Print ISSN 0167-6806
Electronic ISSN 1573-7217
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 174
Issue 3
Pages 661–668
APA6 Citation Alhudiri, I., Nolan, C., Ellis, I., Elzagheid, A., Rakha, E., Green, A., & Chapman, C. (2019). Expression of Lamin A/C in early-stage breast cancer and its prognostic value. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 174(3), 661–668. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-018-05092-w
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-018-05092-w
Keywords Breast cancer; Lamin A/C; Immunohistochemistry; Tissue microarray; Prognosis
Publisher URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10549-018-05092-w
Additional Information Received: 5 December 2018; Accepted: 7 December 2018; First Online: 4 January 2019; : ; : Authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.; : All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the Ethical Standards of the Institutional and/or National Research Committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This study was approved by the Nottingham Research Ethics Committee 2 under the title “Development of a molecular genetic classification of breast cancer”.; : Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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