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Innovative use of industrially produced steel slag powders in asphalt mixture to replace mineral fillers

Chen, Zongwu; Leng, Zhen; Jiao, Yuyong; Xu, Fang; Lin, Juntao; Wang, Haopeng; Cai, Jun; Zhu, Linlu; Zhang, Yunlong; Feng, Namin; Dong, Yidan; Zhang, Yang

Innovative use of industrially produced steel slag powders in asphalt mixture to replace mineral fillers Thumbnail


Zongwu Chen

Zhen Leng

Yuyong Jiao

Fang Xu

Juntao Lin

Haopeng Wang

Jun Cai

Linlu Zhu

Yunlong Zhang

Namin Feng

Yidan Dong

Yang Zhang


Using steel slag to partially replace the natural aggregate in asphalt mixture to produce high-performance asphalt mixture has gained significant interest in recent years as a value-added option to recycle steel slag. However, the poor homogeneity of the material properties of steel slag aggregates remains a concern for this recycling approach. In this study, an innovative method of using industrially produced steel slag powder (SSP) to replace the mineral filler in asphalt mixture was proposed to address this concern. Five fillers, including four SSP fillers, obtained by grinding different steel slag aggregates with an industrialized production line, and one conventional limestone powder (LP) filler, were evaluated. The chemical compositions and micro-morphologies of the SSPs were first characterized to evaluate the material homogeneity and gain insights into the advantages of using SSPs as fillers. Then, asphalt mixtures with different fillers were designed and produced, and their moisture stability, rutting resistance, and low-temperature crack resistance, were characterized. It was found that the industrially produced SSPs possessed homogeneous properties, and improved the compatibility between filler particles and asphalt binder. Besides, the asphalt mixtures with SSP fillers showed better resistance to the moisture damage, permanent deformation, low-temperature crack in terms of fracture energy, than the asphalt mixture with LP filler. Therefore, it was concluded that using SSPs as a replacement of mineral fillers in asphalt mixture provided a reliable and value-added solution to recycle steel slag.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 23, 2022
Online Publication Date Feb 26, 2022
Publication Date Apr 10, 2022
Deposit Date Nov 18, 2022
Publicly Available Date Feb 27, 2023
Journal Journal of Cleaner Production
Print ISSN 0959-6526
Publisher Elsevier BV
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 344
Article Number 131124
Keywords Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering; Strategy and Management; General Environmental Science; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; Building and Construction
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