Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Compaction of a zirconium metal–organic framework (UiO-66) for high density hydrogen storage applications

Bambalaza, Sonwabo E.; Langmi, Henrietta W.; Mokaya, Robert; Musyoka, Nicholas M.; Ren, Jianwei; Khotseng, Lindiwe E.


Sonwabo E. Bambalaza

Henrietta W. Langmi

Nicholas M. Musyoka

Jianwei Ren

Lindiwe E. Khotseng


© The Royal Society of Chemistry. We report a rare case whereby a metal-organic framework (MOF), namely UiO-66, is compacted at high pressure (∼700 MPa or 100 000 psi) resulting in densification and improved total volumetric hydrogen storage capacity, but crucially, without compromising the total gravimetric uptake attained in the powdered form of the MOF. The applied compaction pressure is also unprecedented for MOFs as most studies have shown the MOF structure to collapse when compacted at very high pressure. The UiO-66 prepared in this study retained ∼98% of the original surface area and microporosity after compaction at ∼700 MPa, and the densified pellets achieved a total H2 uptake of 5.1 wt% at 100 bar and 77 K compared to 5.0 wt% for the UiO-66 powder. Depending on the method used to compute the volumetric uptake, the densified UiO-66 attained unprecedented volumetric capacity at 77 K and 100 bar of up to 74 g L−1 (13 g L−1 at 298 K) compared to 29 g L−1 for the powder (6 g L−1 at 298 K) using a conventional method that takes into account the packing density of the adsorbents, or 43 g L−1 (compared to 35 g L−1 for the powder at 77 K and 100 bar) based on a method that uses both the single crystal and skeletal densities of MOFs. However, regardless of the difference in the calculated values according to the two methods, the concept of UiO-66 compaction for improving volumetric capacity without compromising gravimetric uptake is clearly proven in this study and shows promise for the achievement of hydrogen storage targets for a single material as set by the United States Department of Energy (DOE).


Bambalaza, S. E., Langmi, H. W., Mokaya, R., Musyoka, N. M., Ren, J., & Khotseng, L. E. (2018). Compaction of a zirconium metal–organic framework (UiO-66) for high density hydrogen storage applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 6(46), 23569-23577.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 19, 2018
Online Publication Date Nov 12, 2018
Publication Date Nov 12, 2018
Deposit Date Nov 29, 2018
Publicly Available Date Nov 13, 2019
Journal Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Print ISSN 2050-7488
Electronic ISSN 2050-7496
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Issue 46
Pages 23569-23577
Keywords Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; General Materials Science; General Chemistry
Public URL
Publisher URL!divAbstract
Additional Information : This document is Similarity Check deposited; : Supplementary Information; : Henrietta W. Langmi (ORCID); : Robert Mokaya (ORCID); : Single-blind; : Received 22 September 2018; Accepted 19 October 2018; Advance Article published 12 November 2018; Version of Record published 27 November 2018


You might also like

Downloadable Citations