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Structural basis of receptor sulfotyrosine recognition by a cc chemokine: The n-terminal region of CCR3 bound to CCL11/eotaxin-1

Millard, Christopher J.; Ludeman, Justin P.; Canals, Meritxell; Bridgford, Jessica L.; Hinds, Mark G.; Clayton, Daniel J.; Christopoulos, Arthur; Payne, Richard J.; Stone, Martin J.


Christopher J. Millard

Justin P. Ludeman

Jessica L. Bridgford

Mark G. Hinds

Daniel J. Clayton

Arthur Christopoulos

Richard J. Payne

Martin J. Stone


© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Trafficking of leukocytes in immune surveillance and inflammatory responses is activated by chemokines engaging their receptors. Sulfation of tyrosine residues in peptides derived from the eosinophil chemokine receptor CCR3 dramatically enhances binding to cognate chemokines. We report the structural basis of this recognition and affinity enhancement. We describe the structure of a CC chemokine (CCL11/eotaxin-1) bound to a fragment of a chemokine receptor: residues 8-23 of CCR3, including two sulfotyrosine residues. We also show that intact CCR3 is sulfated and sulfation enhances receptor activity. The CCR3 sulfotyrosine residues form hydrophobic, salt bridge and cation-π interactions with residues that are highly conserved in CC chemokines. However, the orientation of the chemokine relative to the receptor N terminus differs substantially from those observed for two CXC chemokines, suggesting that initial binding of the receptor sulfotyrosine residues guides subsequent steps in receptor activation, thereby influencing the receptor conformational changes and signaling.


Millard, C. J., Ludeman, J. P., Canals, M., Bridgford, J. L., Hinds, M. G., Clayton, D. J., …Stone, M. J. (2014). Structural basis of receptor sulfotyrosine recognition by a cc chemokine: The n-terminal region of CCR3 bound to CCL11/eotaxin-1. Structure, 22(11), 1571-1581.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 21, 2014
Online Publication Date Oct 23, 2014
Publication Date Oct 23, 2014
Deposit Date Jan 17, 2020
Journal Structure
Print ISSN 0969-2126
Electronic ISSN 1878-4186
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 22
Issue 11
Pages 1571-1581
Keywords acetic acid; cation; chemokine receptor CCR3; eotaxin; mitogen activated protein kinase 1; mitogen activated protein kinase 3; sodium chlorate; tyrosine derivative; CCL11 protein, human; CCR3 protein, human; chemokine receptor CCR3; eotaxin; tyrosine; tyr
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