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Parent-reported differences between school-aged girls and boys on the autism spectrum

Sutherland, Rebecca; Hodge, Antoinette; Bruck, Susan; Costley, Debra; Klieve, Helen

Authors

Rebecca Sutherland

Antoinette Hodge

Susan Bruck

Helen Klieve



Abstract

More boys than girls are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder; however, there are conflicting findings about whether they differ in their presentation. This study involved a survey of parents of school-aged children on the autism spectrum (171 parents of girls and 163 parents of boys) that was distributed via social media. The surveys provided insights regarding the characteristics of boys and girls (as perceived by parents) as well as some demographic information. There were very few differences reported regarding communication and social strengths and difficulties of boys and girls with autism. No differences were reported in the number of boys and girls on the autism spectrum with special interests or repetitive behaviours; however, significant differences were found in the types of special interests with boys and girls showing generally interests along traditional gender lines. Qualitative analysis of open comments indicated that some parents of girls on the autism spectrum described their daughter as trying to hide or mask her difficulties more but no parents of boys on the spectrum described this phenomenon.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 1, 2016
Journal Autism
Print ISSN 1362-3613
Electronic ISSN 1461-7005
Publisher SAGE Publications (UK and US)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 21
Issue 6
Pages 785-794
APA6 Citation Sutherland, R., Hodge, A., Bruck, S., Costley, D., & Klieve, H. (2016). Parent-reported differences between school-aged girls and boys on the autism spectrum. Autism, 21(6), 785-794. doi:10.1177/1362361316668653
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361316668653
Keywords autism spectrum disorder, gender, school-aged children
Publisher URL https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1362361316668653
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